THEThe Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that theLibya has withdrawn its candidacy for a seat on the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) to support that of Morocco. In Tunisia, a country which has expressed the wish to present itself, the news is disturbing. Why is this election important for the countries of North Africa?
During a telephone interview on Sunday between the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nasser Bourita with the Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Najla Al-Mangoush, the two heads of diplomacy addressed the question of the election to the Peace and Security Council of the continental organization, a pivotal organ of the latter.
Libya has thus decided to withdraw its candidacy to sit on the Peace and Security Council of the African Union for the 2022-2025 mandate, to renounce it in favor of the Kingdom of Morocco and to support the Moroccan candidacy.
Better, Libya will formally communicate its decision to the AU Commission. Decisions about candidatures within this body are generally the subject of mutual agreement at the regional level and it is with this in mind that Libya has decided to line up behind Morocco’s candidacy for the African region. North.
Except that this decision does not seem to suit Tunisia, which has also applied to sit on the PSC. Tunisia’s candidacy was announced by the Head of State, Kais Saied, on the sidelines of his participation in the 21st Summit of Heads of State and Government of COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa).
In the Tunisian press, following the Libyan decision to support Morocco’s candidacy, questions have arisen to ask what reasons have prompted Tripoli to support Rabat instead of Tunis. “However, she notes, given the more than close links between Tunisia and Libya one could expect that Tripoli would automatically support the Tunisian candidacy”.
When Tunisia’s candidacy was announced, President Kais Said expressed his wish to strengthen the south-south partnership and establish strong partnerships and economic integration of the continent, and finally to work to overcome the outstanding difficulties.
But in practice, Tunisia is unlikely to get things done in the PSC, which is in urgent need of reform in the opinion of African officials and countries, to which is added Morocco which indicated it on the first day. of his return to the African organization.
“The reform of the Political Affairs, Peace and Security Commission will not be able to materialize without first reforming the Peace and Security Council (PSC)”, declared the head of Moroccan diplomacy in this regard, Nasser Bourita, during a joint press conference with the African Union Commissioner for Political Affairs, Peace and Security, Bankole Adeoye on November 16 in Rabat.
The negative points not playing in favor of Tunisia in its ambition, however full of good will, mainly come down to the total grip that Algiers has over Tunis, and this influence also has repercussions on the way in which Tunisia approaches the question of the Sahara.
Indeed, Tunisia had an ambiguous position on the Sahara issue, particularly during the vote on the last UN Security Council resolution and, in view of Algeria’s presence in the Council elected in 2020 for a three-year term, and from its position today officially and openly hostile to Morocco, the PSC could once again become a privileged area of Algiers to push through its anti-Moroccan agenda, as has been the case since the creation of the ‘UA which integrated the Polisario as a member under the influence of Algeria.
But the candidacy of Tunisia and Morocco at the same time to run for a seat within the PSC poses another problem, that of the over-representativeness of the North Africa region within this council where major stakes are being played out, particularly within the Peace and Security department.
End of a seizure
And it is on this body that Algeria is eyeing, at a time when this country which had a monopoly position on it, has lost its influence since the election of the Nigerian, Bankole Adeoye, AU Commissioner for Political Affairs, at the Peace and Security.
Before him, the department had been run exclusively by Algerians, namely Saïd Djinnit, Ramtane Lamamra and Smaïl Chergui, and this for almost 20 years, since the creation of the African Union in 2002.
For Morocco, which sat on the PSC for two years between 2018-2020 and which has not held any position of responsibility since its return to the African Union in 2017, despite its recognized work within the various bodies of the organization, the objective would be to advance the subject of reform to avoid undermining the credibility of the AU and to deal with the manipulations of Algeria, in particular on the Sahara issue, which is dealt with at the level of the CPS within the continental organization, especially since it deals with the UN.
The subject of Algerian manipulations within the PSC has been publicly exposed, in particular by the president of the Commission of the African Union, Moussa Faki Mahamat, himself who denounced in public the unconventional practices of the Algerian diplomat Smaïl. Chergui who headed the department until recently. “We must put an end to the maneuvers of Commissioner Chergui who put us before a fait accompli,” he said.
Morocco could also make use of its experience in conflict and terrorism management as well as in the establishment of peace and in the organization and observation of elections, which could greatly help improve democracy and security. , peace as well as development in Africa.