Kif or cannabis, this Moroccan green gold cultivated in the Rif mountains of Morocco, which supports some 760,000 people (2% of the population according to the 2019 Ministry of the Interior), and which makes Europeans high.
The French magazine GEO, devotes a whole report to the route taken by this plant before landing in Europe. Under the title ” The great routes of Moroccan hashish to its smokers in Europe ”, the report shows that there is not just one way to do this. It finds its way to European consumers, whether by land or sea.
From Morocco to Spain
Thus, the magazine stopped on the historic route of green gold. Appeared in the 1960s, the route “historical“Traffickers enter Spain through the Strait of Gibraltar, reports GEO, noting that the goods are hidden in ferries and pleasure boats but, over the past twenty years, this route has become more hazardous as controls are intensified .
From Morocco to Libya (via the Sahara)
By taking this route, drugs make a big detour through the south and the Saharan countries (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, etc.) where surveillance is much less. And it ends in Libya before continuing its route towards the Mediterranean and Europe or towards the east, direction Egypt specifies the same source.
But not only ! The hashish produced in the Rif crosses the border between Morocco and Algeria. From there, it can have several destinations: the local market, Spain and France via the ports of Algiers and Oran and Tunisia, where it also supplies the local market before leaving by boat to Europe or continue to Libya.
From Morocco to Libya (by sea)
Yes, Moroccan green gold also passes through Libya before landing in Europe, says GEO Magazine. In vogue for several years, this route carries drugs to the Libyan ports of Misrata and Tobruk. It is loaded on ships of all sizes, the biggest make the journey all at once, the others stop over in Algeria and Tunisia, the magazine specifies.
From Libya to Europe
According to the magazine, the traffic benefited greatly from the Libyan chaos. Stored in warehouses on the Libyan coast, part of the drug from Morocco, but also from the Middle East, is exported by boat to Europe via Malta and then transported to southern Italy or the western Balkans. The rest goes east, towards the Egyptian market concludes the same source in this map which traces the passage of Moroccan cannabis to Europe.