The World Bank has announced that it will support Morocco in the fight against the risks linked to climate change on two levels, technical assistance and a loan. The kingdom is one of the countries most exposed to climate risks in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region.
The international financial institution announced in a press release that it had granted two loans for reconstruction and development (IBRD) which were allocated under a results-based program (PforR).
This is the first time that the World Bank has used this financing instrument for disaster risk management operations.
The WB explains the urgency of helping Morocco to be more resilient in the face of climate risks is explained by “rapid urbanization and climate change (which) are likely to increase the frequency and severity of weather phenomena”, d especially since “Morocco is one of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region that are most exposed to geological and climatic risks”.
Thus, the financial institution will help the kingdom via a program for resilience and integrated disaster risk management in partnership with the Ministries of the Interior and of the Economy and Finance, and will support the development of a national disaster risk management strategy.
This program was designed to provide a comprehensive response to risks. It supports structural reforms, helps increase investment in sectors and projects aimed at reducing the risk of natural disasters.
The Bank also provides its traditional technical assistance and capacity building support. So far, the WB’s contribution has been through structural investments in risk reduction for more than 174,000 beneficiaries, the insurance of nearly 9 million people against bodily injury during catastrophic events and a solidarity fund for nearly 6 million of the poorest and most vulnerable people in the country.
“The Vigirisque Inondation project, piloted by the Department of Natural Risk Management, has received funding from the Fund for the Fight against the Effects of Natural Disasters (FLCN) which is supported by the World Bank”, noted Achraf Hadine, Head of the National Center for Risk Forecasting, under the Directorate of Natural Risk Management, quoted by the document.
He explains that this project was carried out in collaboration with the General Directorate of Meteorology (DGM), the Directorate of Water Research and Planning (DRPE), as well as the 4 hydraulic basin agencies and pilot provinces.
Qother pilot areas are targeted by this project, which aims to improve flood risk management in Morocco. It should know the establishment of an integrated risk management support system with a national center and operational provincial centers for monitoring the risk of flooding. Their role will be to intervene quickly to support the authorities in charge of the emergency response and implement preventive actions.