According to the latest cuvée of “World Justice Project’s Rule of Law Index 2021” published yesterday Thursday, and for the MENA region, Morocco persists in its tumble and remains lagging behind in the game of the Rule of Law Index. He dropped eleven place from 79th to 90th. The global index of the American NGOs World Justice Project Rule of Law Index® is the world’s leading source of original and independent data on the rule of law.
Covering 139 countries and jurisdictions, it draws on national surveys of more than 130,000 households and 4,000 legal practitioners and experts to measure how the rule of law is experienced and perceived around the world. The WJP Rule of Law Index is a rule of law report that covers eight factors – constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, law enforcement, justice civil and criminal justice.
The United Arab Emirates remain the best student in this region, they are in the lead (32nd in the world) and keep the same ranking as last year, the highest in many sub-indices, including the absence of corruption, d ‘order and enforcement of security, civil justice and criminal justice regulations. Jordan came in second position (41st worldwide) among the other countries of the MENA region, followed by Tunisia 76th, Algeria 79th, Morocco 90th, Iran 98th, Lebanon, 104th, and Egypt 109th. .
Morocco lagging behind
For us on this side of the ocean shore, this year’s report is based on the same field survey as the previous edition, carried out on a sample of 1,000 people, interviewed during the year 2020 in the midst of a health crisis. in the cities of Fez, Casablanca, Rabat and Tangier. As a result, Morocco’s position with regard to the overall score of the index has been significantly revised downwards, the Kingdom losing way along the way, in the case and concretely 11 places compared to its global or general ranking of 2020, 16 places compared to that of 2019, 23 places to that of 2017/18 and 30 places compared to 2016. So we can see it is a long and slow descent into hell. It is not the addition of 26 countries since 2016 that could absolve the country’s march of all sin.
Regarding legislative obstacles to the functioning of the executive (constraints on the powers of the government), Morocco is ranked 75th world with an index of 0.51, less harm to this rule of decline, our country losing only one place in the exchange. As for the absence or prevalence of corruption on the political and judicial levels, the kingdom is ranked 89th with a score of 0.42 (2020 73rd and 044) and a drop of 16 places.
Regarding Open Government, the country loses 11 places and is in 97th place with a score of 0.43 against 0.44 a year ago. For the protection of fundamental rights (freedom of expression, protection of privacy, the right to life, personal security, the right of workers and the right to a fair trial), the Kingdom loses seven places and this year arrives at 110th rank for a score of 0.43 against 0.45 in the previous exercise.
It is the same for the indicator of the maintenance of order and security, it is a consequent fall the country occupies the 91st place, for a score of .68, it previously occupied the 83rd place for the same score. As for the application of the regulations, Morocco loses eleven places (58th) with 0.53 points for 0.56 during the previous year. For the criminal justice indices, Morocco is ranked 99th for 0.36 point (83rd and 0.38 in 2020). As for civil justice, Morocco is in 69th place (0.53 point), after occupying 60th place (0.54) a year earlier.
Widespread declines around the world
Globally, the three best performing countries this year were Denmark, Norway and Finland the same as a year ago. The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cambodia and Venezuela had the lowest overall rule of law scores. Uzbekistan, Moldova and Mongolia are the countries where the rule of law has improved the most over the past year. The 2021 index shows that more countries have fallen than improved overall rule of law performance for the fourth year in a row. Generalized declines observed around the world.
For the second year in a row, Dame Covid obliges, in each region, a majority of countries have retreated or have kept their overall performance in terms of the rule of law unchanged. In a year dominated by the global Covid-19 pandemic, 74.2% of countries surveyed experienced a decline in rule of law performance, while only 25.8% improved. The 74.2 percent of countries that have experienced declines this year represent 84.7 percent of the world’s population, or about 6.5 billion people.