The Spanish government has come out in favor of the Moroccan autonomy plan, presented by the Kingdom in 2007. The government of Pedro Sanchez thus considered the Moroccan initiative, ” as the most serious, realistic and credible basis for resolving the dispute relating to the question of the Moroccan Sahara. A statement that shocked the Algerian neighbor and his ” protected »the separatist Polisario Front.
After many victories for Moroccan diplomacy, this new position of the government of Sanchez was seen by analysts and observers of the geopolitical scene as an implicit recognition of the Moroccanness of the Sahara, given that the Kingdom had emphasized, during of the presentation of this proposal, on the fact that autonomy would be a matter of national sovereignty.
The head of the Atlas Center for the Analysis of Political and Institutional Indicators, Mohamed Bouden, estimated that ” Spain, by its last position, has chosen to place itself on the right side of history, given its historical role in the case”noting that “sexplicit acknowledgment of the autonomy initiative which represents the most serious, realistic and credible basis, establishes a recognition of the sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara”.
In an analysis delivered to MoroccoLatestNews UKthe political scientist indicated that “ Spain has a historical baggage on the Moroccanness of the Sahara, it is also aware of what the Moroccan Sahara means for the Kingdom, in addition to the fact that it is familiar with the clear sovereign position expressed in the royal speeches of the 45th and 46th anniversary of the Green March». Speeches, where King Mohammed VI clearly underlined that Morocco does not negotiate on its Sahara, and that its Moroccanness has never been the subject of negotiations, recalled Bouden.
Thus, Madrid has chosen the general international trend, underlines the political scientist, which confirms the relevance and credibility of the autonomy initiative, and supports the sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara, in the light of the collapse and the erosion of the thesis that transcends the fictional entity and those who support and embrace it.
“ History and reality have shown Spain that adhering to an ambiguous and conservative position cannot allow it to obtain tangible economic, security, commercial and geo-strategic advantages. “Analyzes Bouden.
On the one hand, the political scientist explains that “ the Spanish position is the result of a vision and an approach that derives from the importance of ensuring stability in the region, and what this means for the Spanish presence in the Atlantic and from what the geopolitical reality requires to face the challenges to come with consensus and dialogue between two essential neighbors“.
On the other hand, this position is the result of the overwhelming Moroccan diplomatic influence and the expansion of the influence of Moroccan diplomacy, which intelligently and skilfully invests its network of international relations, and does not exclude from its accounts the scenario of uncertainty. A diplomacy which is convinced that the recognition of the Moroccan Sahara by any country represents the great gateway to cooperation and partnership. Otherwise, it represents an obstacle to the stability and growth of the relationship in the required way. “says Boude.
As for the legal side of this Spanish declaration, the head of the Atlas Center for the Analysis of Political and Institutional Indicators points out that the Spanish position, from a legal point of view, includes an emphasis on international legitimacy regarding the respect of the territorial integrity of countries, and the normative foundations for a political solution included in Security Council resolutions, the latest of which is resolution 2602, which was in line with Morocco’s sovereign position.
On this same point, Bouden notes that this position reflects a harmonization of the contractual and legal framework that binds Morocco to the European Union at the level of agriculture and fishing, and which includes the Moroccan Sahara. A Moroccan-European partnership, recently strengthened by the visit of the President of the European Commission and the Commissioner for Neighborhood and Enlargement to Morocco, and of which Spain is one of the largest European countries to benefit from its fluidity, concluded the political scientist.