A new report published on Tuesday on the “post-Covid-19 recovery in Africa” highlights the progress made by Morocco as a model on a continental scale in terms of green, sustainable and inclusive recovery.
The report produced by the Moroccan consultancy firm Positive Agenda Advisory, the Kenyan Think tank Power Shift Africa and the Nigerian NGO The Society for Plant and Prosperity, repeatedly cites Morocco’s leadership in areas relating in particular to the promotion of so-called clean energies, to the development of sustainable and resilient agriculture, as well as in terms of investment in the digital economy, and in the generalization of social protection for the entire population as “an illustration of how social justice must be taken into account to implement a truly inclusive stimulus package ”.
According to this report, African countries that make the fight against climate change a central objective of their post-Covid-19 economic recovery plans are more likely to attract funding, address social challenges and achieve robust and sustainable growth.
The document notes, among other things, that Morocco is among the African countries that have made great strides in investing in clean energy, especially solar energy. Likewise, it underlines the Kingdom’s ambition to increase the share of renewable energies to 52% of electricity production by 2030, which should create some 50,000 jobs in this sector.
The report also cites Morocco’s strategy for resilient and sustainable agriculture “by channeling more investments into thousands of small projects with tangible local impacts”.
The report “The Post-Covid-19 Recovery in Africa: Recommendations for Political Actors” examines the social, economic and budgetary impact of Covid-19 on the continent and makes recommendations to political actors on how best to integrate the policy initiatives that will revive growth.
“The concepts of a green recovery and a recovery under the best conditions have recently gained in popularity, but so far national and international discussions on these concepts and their contribution to Africa remain limited,” notes Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, CEO of the Society for Planet and Prosperity.
The Covid-19 pandemic has brought “unprecedented pressure and challenges” on the financing capacities of national budgets, which requires global solidarity, partnerships and support, notably through debt relief , in order to strengthen the fiscal capacity of African countries for a reactive and climate-aligned recovery, plead the authors of the report.
“Immediate climate action and finance are key parameters for a green, resilient and inclusive recovery in Africa on the horizon of COP26,” said Fathallah Sijilmassi, co-author of the report and founding president. of Positive Agenda Advisory, which calls for action to make the pandemic “a turning point for Africa’s accelerated growth and development.” “
The report also warns that a narrow focus on economic recovery that ignores climate change and broader sustainable development goals would create more economic hardship for Africa in the long run.
“Some have the impression that such green recovery interventions have a cost, but this is not the case, especially after the pandemic, when the financial and social constraints are much more stringent”, explains Professor Rym Ayadi, President of the Euro-Mediterranean Association of Economists.
“The pandemic is a time of reset and offers a chance to invest in the clean energy of the future,” said Mohammed Adow, co-author of the report and founding director of Power Shift Africa.
The report, which is based on three studies carried out in East Africa, West Africa and North Africa, analyzes the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in each region and proposes actions that the actors African policies can be taken on their own or in coordination with international development partners.
In its study on Morocco and North Africa carried out upstream of this report, Positive Agenda Advisory notes that “thanks to its strategic approach developed since 2009, Morocco is one of the actors involved in Africa and could work hand in hand. working with other countries in the region and elsewhere to achieve more sustainable economic models ”.
In the section of “climate action as an entry point for sustainable growth”, the report underlines that in the region of North Africa, Morocco occupies a special place thanks to its long-standing climate ambition which dates back to at the Earth Summit in Rio De Janeiro in 1992. “An acceleration occurred in the early 2000s, which led to a national strategic roadmap adopted in 2009. Since then, Morocco has adapted its institutional and legal arsenal for the environment, gradually integrating a green dimension into public policies as well as national action programs for climate change mitigation and adaptation in several key sectors, particularly in terms of promoting renewable energies ”.
The organization of COP-7 in 2001 and COP-22 in 2016 were key moments in terms of sensitizing stakeholders and civil society in Morocco, underlines the document, noting that this example illustrates the capacity of ” align key stakeholders with high-level momentum as a starting point.
The study, which emphasizes that “agriculture is a major opportunity for responsible growth and job creation”, also focuses on the strengths and prospects of Morocco’s agricultural strategy to build resilience. He also highlights the “key factors for the success of Morocco’s energy transition”, stressing that “the Kingdom demonstrates that long-term forward-looking strategies, supported by effective institutional arrangements, are key elements for a successful transition to sustainable energy production ”.
This study examines the opportunities offered by the post-crisis recovery to facilitate and encourage the adoption of medium and long-term plans aligned with the ecological and environmental ambitions of the countries of North Africa, while addressing the social and economic difficulties. already marginalized populations. It shows how resilience building can have a significant, positive and lasting impact in the countries of North Africa, while increasing the competitiveness of the region.
She considers that “the post-COVID recovery is an opportunity to bring together more public and private support in order to deploy both climate adaptation and mitigation initiatives geared towards a resilient green economy”.