Despite the many criticisms addressed by teachers to the Bachelor system (license in 4 years instead of 3 years), the Ministry of National Education, Vocational Training, Higher Education and Scientific Research is working to launch the implementation of this system in Moroccan universities, from this start of the academic year, before generalizing it next season.
Said Amzazi’s department plans to replace the LMD system with the Bachelor system where the license is for 4 years instead of 3 years. A system whose evaluation credit is UV. Thus, each year includes 60 UVs, for a total of 240 UVs for the 4 years of Bachelor. According to the Ministry of Higher Education, this system allows more flexibility for the student to validate his subjects.
However, teachers are not very convinced by this system which they oppose it. The latter thus criticize the fact of not having been involved in its implementation or that this system must be developed on the basis of the evaluation of the old LMD system. The teachers also believe that the Bachelor system should also depend on the results of the previous levels, ranging from primary education to secondary level.
The minister in charge of the sector, Saïd Amzazi, chose to defend the new system via a video broadcast on the platform of the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences Ibn Zohr of Agadir. According to the manager, “ changing the licensing system is a project that took three years of work, with the aim of overcoming the obstacles and loopholes in the basic licensing system in open-polarized institutions “.
The Minister thus declared that this system arrived after having recorded “ a number of points that create a kind of frustration, whether for professors or students. It was also discovered that the basic licensing system causes academic waste and has low returns.“. While the aim of the new system is to “ increase student capacities and overcome shortcomings », He underlined.
For his part, Mokhtar Amara, professor of private law at Mohammed V University, argues that teachers criticize the implementation of the Bachelor system for many reasons, including the fact that students from primary school follow a system French, while at university, they face an Anglo-Saxon system.
In a statement to MoroccoLatestNews, Prof. Mokhtar Amara believes that before even thinking of a university reform, we must first start with the basic levels, stressing that Moroccan universities attract students from these levels, and “ therefore, they cannot study in one system and then move on to a totally different system “.
Thus, the professor of private law at Mohammed V University expressed his fear that the application of this system would result in greater waste at the university level, affirming: ” We all know the level of students in foreign languages, especially during the last two years. Therefore, we cannot impose a new system which adopts those languages in which the pupils are weak ”.
Other criticisms formulated by Prof. Mokhtar Amara figure, the fact that the implementation of this new system was carried out without consultation with the professors who are the most important link in the application of any study program, stressing that they did not participate in the development of its regulations and requirements, but rather the administration.
” Today we are repeating the same mistakes. We are implementing a project that will judge generations over the next twenty years without preparing the appropriate conditions ”, raised the university professor, stressing that the whole process depends on three basic elements. ” There is the student and the teacher and the conditions in which the two parties work, which are the lecture halls, the means of communication, the scientific material, the skills, etc. If one of these parts fails, the whole process will be a failure ”, concludes Pr Amara..