The fight against illegal immigration is a common challenge, which must be managed collectively so as not to be a burden for a single country, whatever its determination and will to do so.
In a decryption, political scientist Mustapha Tossa underlines that this is a collective fight which is the responsibility of countries concerned by the transit of these waves of candidates for immigration.
If one of these countries plays a murky game, the entire security architecture can descend into chaos, notes the political scientist, who maintains that “the images of groups of candidates for immigration of sub-Saharan origin armed with machetes and sabers defying the authority of the Moroccan State caused an immense shock in the opinions however accustomed to the dramas of illegal immigration”.
“In front of the frightened gaze of a Europe that is increasingly a citadel, these events have imposed great questioning and put back on the agenda the fragile balance between North and South on a problem that has become almost insoluble, which consists in knowing how to deal with this phenomenon without entering into a logic of shocks and confrontations, without making victims and running the risk of scandalizing consciences”, he writes.
And to point out that “for Morocco, a country historically of transit where candidates for immigration coagulate on its maritime border with Spain with the dream of reaching the southern shore of Europe, these imbroglios have unfortunately become a daily experience and an integral part of his concerns. They have long since imposed on the Moroccan authorities the most realistic possible management of these human flows and population displacements”.
“Morocco’s migration policy has always been to attempt a synthesis between a firm security approach to prevent chaos and the law of the jungle from becoming the absolute rule and a humanitarian policy to deal with the maximum sensitivity and empathy phenomenon involving destinies and human lives. With a possible integration on the spot or a possible return to the country of origin in decent conditions”, he highlights.
However, notes Tossa, “it happens that under migratory pressure, events panic and history accelerates”, and the tragic confrontations between would-be immigrants armed with machetes and bladed weapons and the forces of order bear the imprint of this ascending migratory crisis, but also the traces of an increased activism of mafia networks, which have found in this breeding ground and this human misery an opportunity to make profits as others do on the organized crime and drug trafficking.
He thus warns that “the mafia networks, in addition to the fact that they aspire to make economic profits, can be instruments that are easy to manipulate to achieve a political agenda”, which, according to him, confirms the hypothesis of a ” possible manipulation” of this crisis is to be linked with the crossing of many countries carried out by hundreds of candidates for immigration before arriving in Morocco.
Coming from Sudan, he continues, these groups have clearly crossed Libya and Algeria under “the eye, if not benevolent, at least complicit of the authorities of these countries, in particular Algeria”.
He specifies in this sense that because the countries of the European Union have become aware that Morocco, alone, cannot fight against this increasingly strong migratory pressure, they have shown a total understanding of the tragedies that have occurred at the gates of the city of Melilla.
Mustapha Tossa points out that they now have to translate this understanding into economic and logistical aid to come to the aid of the Kingdom which had made the fight against illegal immigration one of its top priorities.
He underlines in this sense that Europe, which currently thinks of itself as a citadel, must participate in the effort to regulate these migratory flows and not let its economic bill dominate the finances of transit countries like Morocco, just like it must move away from the purely security vision of its relations with the countries supplying candidates for immigration.
And to conclude that flexibility in travel and fluidity in legal mobility is likely to reduce the potential number of these young people who dream of the European El Dorado often risking their lives.