A campaign promise to be respected, the democratic summit of Joe Biden has, from the list of 110 countries unveiled on the site of the US State Department, attracted the wrath of war. Party to be a virtual summit on December 9 and 10, 2021, it aims, with three themes, to defend against authoritarianism, to attack and fight corruption and to promote respect for human rights.
The US State Department indicates that participating leaders “will be encouraged to announce specific actions and commitmentsTo advance the summit’s goals. A second summit that the US government hopes to organize in person, and in person, is scheduled a year later. However, the summit next December should bring together the main Western allies of the United States, but also Iraq, India and Pakistan. China is not invited, unlike Taiwan just like Russia unlike Ukraine.
Unsurprisingly, Beijing has “strongly condemned“, As for Russia she declared through the voice of Kremlin spokesman Dmitri Peskov during a telephone press briefing that”the United States prefers to create new dividing lines, to divide the countries into good, according to them, and bad, according to them“.
In the Middle East, only Israel and Iraq were invited to this online meeting, hosted by the US president on December 9 and 10. The traditional Arab allies of the Americans, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates, are also absent. Joe Biden also invited Brazil’s controversial Jair Bolsonaro. In Europe, only Hungary was not invited. On the African side, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria and Niger are among the 17 countries invited to represent the Continent.
Joe Biden in his first speech at the UN, promised a new era for American diplomacy. “ United States don’t look for a new cold war», He had declared. Unfortunately, the foreign policy of his administration has instead increased the dangers of confrontation between the United States and Russia and China because of Ukraine and Taiwan. For Beijing, “Taiwan has no other status in international law than that of an integral part of China“. This makes political scientists of all stripes say that by way of a democratic summit, it is rather an anti-China and Russia summit that Joe Biden is attempting.
MoroccoLatestNews asked Aziz Ghali, president of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights (AMDH), for a reading on this so-called democracy summit. “Biden’s summit has sparked much debate, even within his own camp among the Democrats themselves. They are divided as to their opinions. For example, Bennie Sanders’ group, which heads the Human Rights agenda, takes a dim view of this event, saying that Biden should have taken measures first against countries violating respect for human rights. man before committing to this summit.
Turning to the angry subject, namely the non-participation of Morocco in particular and of Arab and African countries in general, Aziz Ghali considers that these regions are not priorities for the American president “Anthony Blinken’s African tour, which has only been to Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal, demonstrates that the MENA region is not a priority for the United States ”.
And to continue “We can also say that Biden does not want to offend the countries of these regions since he is in the process of defining the policies regarding the bilateral relationship to come with the regional powers. Egypt is a good example of how to design strategic discussions without addressing human rights issues? It is the same for Morocco or Tunisia. We saw it with the meeting on HR between the Kingdom and the United States, it was also the progressive wing of the Democrats who had raised these points. Just after, there was a letter to this effect signed by American senators. Biden spares countries knowing that this event will a priori concern China and Russia as well as countries with which the United States is in conflict”.
As for Adil Tchikito, former Istiqlalien deputy and president of the Moroccan League for the Defense of Human Rights (LMDDH), he will tell MoroccoLatestNews: “Through this democratic summit, the United States ignored a number of countries, including virtually all Arab countries – except Iraq – for two reasons. The first falls within the framework of the American definition of democratic and non-democratic countries according to the data that the United States has about these countries and in particular the relations between them, as well as the governance of certain regimes ( elections, violated rights and freedoms, etc.) like Tunisia, which was considered an example of democracy and which has drifted in recent months. The second reason relates to the questioning of certain democratic values and new political positions vis-à-vis the two rival powers, China and Russia and even Turkey. We will record contradictions with American policy such as the convocation of Taiwan that the United States does not recognize as a state. In short, one can wonder about the presence of a certain number of countries ”.
Adil Tchikito will say about Morocco’s non-participation:“Questions arise ‘does the United States which considers Morocco as a friendly state, partner and ally, reassess these agreements and links with the Kingdom? Is this the beginning of the end of the historical and strategic relations between Morocco and the United States? It is a contradiction in the many ties that unite the two countries, and particularly the military ones. Like selling arms to an ally you don’t consider a democratic country? It is a political contradiction when agreements, aid, partnership and support are indeed concrete. But we will see more clearly at the end of the democratic summit when we will know what he is talking about ”.