Waste management is a headache for both officials and citizens. In its latest report, for the years 2019-2020, the Court of Auditors carried out several control missions which enabled it to raise several difficulties and delivered several recommendations with regard to the management of household and similar waste in our country.
In its report, the Court of Auditors recalls the launch in 2008 of the National Program for Household and Assimilated Waste (PNDM) to cover the period 2008-2022 for a budget of 40 MMDHS. A program that had several objectives, including waste management, sorting, recycling and others.
According to the Court of Auditors, this program has enabled our country to make significant progress in the management of household and similar waste (DMA), particularly in terms of the collection rate, which is currently around 95%. That said, and as the program draws to a close, the Court underlined that the other objectives set by the PNDM have experienced a variable level of achievement.
Indeed, until 2020, the Court of Auditors noted in its report that the number of master plans finalized has reached a total of only 45 plans out of the 64 initially planned to cover the provinces and prefectures.
Concerning the professionalization of the management of this sector, the report indicated that it concerned 81% of the towns and urban centers targeted while for controlled landfills, only 43% of the forecasts of realization were concretized. As a result, the quantities landfilled did not exceed 3.95 million tonnes of waste against a target of 6.3 million tonnes expected by the end of 2020, the report said.
Still in the context of the results obtained in relation to the objectives set, the Court specifies in its report that the rate of rehabilitation of uncontrolled landfills did not exceed 24% of the total of those planned, given, essentially, that the operations of rehabilitation are conditioned by the prior realization of controlled landfills.
Among the objectives of the PNDM, the development of sorting, recycling and recovery of waste to bring the level of recycling to 20% and 30% in other forms by 2022. Despite this, the control of the Court of Auditors has retained that the DMA recovery rate could not exceed the threshold of 10% of all the waste produced annually.
The Court’s report revealed that the setting up of sorting centers was limited to only three landfills against a target of 26 landfills, while the construction of energy recovery facilities was limited to only two landfills against a target of 18 discharges.
The Court considers that this assessment is due to several constraints related, in part, to the very orientations of the PNDM as well as to certain problems of financing, governance and management.
Change of model, rising costs
To remedy its constraints concerning the economic and financial model of the PNDM, the Court’s report argues that a management model has been adopted, based mainly on increasing the rate of collection of AMD and their almost complete burial in landfills. controlled.
This option, continues the report, has led to an increase in the cost of services relating to the collection of waste and its burial in landfills, because not only of the increase in the quantities collected, but also of the unit prices practiced at the ton collected.
In addition, the inadequacy and the limit of the economic and financial model adopted is manifested in the inability of several municipalities to bear the costs of the services rendered solely through their own resources, the Court indicated. This clearly appears through the payment arrears which, at the end of 2020, amounted to a total of 1.77 billion dirhams, divided between 1.36 billion dirhams for collection and cleaning, and 404.58 million dirhams for management. landfill and recovery centres, the report states.
DMA: Non-execution of contractual commitments by delegated companies
Concerning the management of DMAs at municipal level, the Court noted several observations relating to the non-performance of contractual commitments by the parties to the delegated management contracts, in particular with regard to the investment programs to be carried out by the delegates and the delay in payment of services by the municipalities, argued the Court of Auditors in its report.
In addition, the report considers that the accumulation of payment arrears does not promote the establishment of a climate of trust between the contracting parties, and impacts the power of the delegator to exercise the monitoring and control role assigned to him. . This partially explains, continues the Court, the noted increase in the prices included in the offers presented by the tendering companies to protect themselves against the risks incurred in terms of arrears of payment or against the risks linked to the increase in prices, now not supported, after the cancellation of the article relating to the revision of the prices in the new delegated management contracts.
In this regard, and in view of the foregoing, the Court of Auditors addressed in its report recommendations the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development, each as far as it is concerned.
These recommendations aim to revise the approach and the economic model in future programs through the transition from an approach based mainly on collection and burial to a new approach aimed at reducing AMD, sorting at source or at the time of landfilling, recycling and recovery within the maximum possible limits, as well as the restriction of landfilling to final waste.
What the Court of Auditors proposes
Also, the Court proposes in its report the modification of the current economic model, with a view to promoting resources from the reduction of waste and energy recovery and others, after the implementation of selective bi-flow collection, the application of the principle of the responsibility of waste producers, the application of royalties against large producers, as well as the application of penalties against offenders of waste collection and disposal regulations.
Similarly, the Court of Auditors recommended the improvement of local governance through the study of the possibility of establishing a strong local actor through its human, financial and technical resources, in the form of a regional development company, responsible for the equipment and management of landfills, as delegated contracting authority, and in the form of a development company at the level of the province or prefecture which would be responsible for carrying out the missions of contracting authority delegate for all AMD collection, monitoring and control projects.
And finally, the Court suggested studying the possibility of setting up a management model, under which the public manager will be assigned the responsibility for carrying out the investments relating to the DMA management projects, while assigning the operation to the private sector through delegated management contracts.