The expert in interreligious dialogue, Marco Baratto, has just published his book “The challenge of Islam in Italy between European constraints and risks of radicalization”, which highlights the singularity of the Moroccan model in terms of coexistence and the fight against radicalization.
Prefaced by the former Italian defense minister, Mario Mauro, the book pays particular attention to the Moroccan model through two main axes, namely the coexistence and dialogue with the different monotheistic religions, and the Moroccan policy of struggle against radicalization, while highlighting the restructuring of the religious field and the role of the Mohammed VI Institute for the Training of Imams Mourchidines and Mourchidates.
For Marco Baratto, “The presence of Islam in Italy, which goes back in history, has acquired, in recent years, far-reaching visibility due to the migratory phenomena of the 80s and 90s”.
“We must not try to adapt the Muslim religion to the Italian state. Islam, which is present in force on the peninsula, must benefit from equal treatment with other religions while ensuring respect for its values and traditions, ”he said.
For the case of Morocco, the author emphasizes that in order to preserve the religious reference system of the Kingdom, based on moderation, openness and tolerance, and to protect it against violent extremism, the country tirelessly carries out continuous efforts to immunize the religious field against any drift.
And, he continues, “this commitment involves in particular the reform of religious education programs, ensuring them openness to other disciplines and cultures, the qualification of imams, the enhancement of the role of women and the improvement of its representation in religious structures ”.
Security efforts have also been made, argues Barrato, who recalls the strategy put in place by Morocco for the prevention and fight against terrorism and religious extremism, with the aim of eradicating this scourge which threatens no only the Kingdom, but the whole region.
This strategy, he emphasizes, is based on vigilance, monitoring and prevention of malicious acts.
Note that Marco Baratto, born in Milan, graduated in law. He is interested in the history of relations between Europe and the Mediterranean and the relations between the Muslim and Christian worlds.