Major challenges await the new UN special envoy and representative of the Secretary General in the Moroccan Sahara, Staffan de Mistura 74 years old. The latter, who has already held senior UN positions during his career as UN Special Envoy and Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in Iraq (2007-2009) and Afghanistan (2010-2011) and for Syria (2014-2018).
A country that he left after four years of efforts to try, without results moreover, to resolve the inextricable conflict which was being played there and which is still being played there. De Mistura, then invoked ” purely personal reasons », In front of his powerlessness to be able to advance, in a thorny file, more taken in hand by Moscow and to a less degree by Turkey than by the UNO which he represented. An honorable amendment which vaguely tilts us towards the resignation, more than two years ago (May 2019), of the political emissary to the Moroccan Sahara, the former German head of state Horst Köhler for “health reasons”, history of veiling inclinations relating to the German position, which were intended against the Kingdom.
But that is not the question, too, can we happily paraphrase Omar Hilale who in his last interview with the MAP said, ” once appointed, de Mistura will be able to count on the cooperation and unfailing support of Morocco in the implementation of its facilitation for the settlement of this regional dispute “, Whose political process since the resignation of the former envoy, is still at an impasse. Indeed, Köhler’s tendentious position had led to the suspension of political talks between the parties to the conflict. The new UN special envoy to the Moroccan Sahara will have to correct the flaws related to the methodology for managing political talks, by involving all the parties concerned by the conflict, as all the Council’s reports indicate. security and the UN in recent years.
A new geopolitical map
Moussaoui Ajlaoui, expert at the Center for Africa and Middle East Studies, or Africa and Middle East Studies (AMES Center) in a statement to MoroccoLatestNews Ar said that ” Staffan de Mistura must take into account three pivotal points that the new envoy“. The first of these points is ” the participation of the four parties in the resolution of the conflict, instead of being limited to two parties, which has been confirmed by the reports of the Security Council and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, with his call for the serious involvement of all the parties in the case, in particular the neighbors », Explains Ajlaoui. The second point, according to the teacher-researcher, is linked to “ the nature of the work in the meetings leading to the organization of round tables », And the third point revolves around a political solution, which considers that “The thesis of self-determination has been circumvented “.
Our interlocutor did not fail to specify that ” the contexts have changed since the resignation of the ex-emissary Horst Koehler, because a lot of water – albeit a rare commodity – has flowed in the region, resignation (then death today) of Bouteflika from the presidency of Algeria, the entry of the latter into suicidal conflicts between soldiers and parties and the civilian population and the collapse of State institutions which are no longer able to meet the needs of citizens “. Moussaoui Ajlaoui concluded by noting that ” the massive membership of countries which encourage the adoption of a political solution in Morocco, through the recognition by the United States of the Moroccan Sahara, as well as the strengthening of Moroccan-British rapprochement, and the opening of consulates of countries Africans, Arabs … in the Moroccan Sahara, indicates the existence of a new geopolitical map “. For the researcher, it must be taken into account, so that the new UN Special Envoy, de Mistura does not fail in the file like his predecessors.
Relaunch the political process
For his part Naoufal Bouamri, jurist and specialist in Saharan issues, requested by MoroccoLatestNews stressed that “Several major challenges await the new special envoy of the UN Secretary General, Staffan de Mistura, whose official appointment we are awaiting after consultations with members of the UN Secretary-General. Security Council. Some of these challenges are linked to the Polisario, and others are linked to the political process as a whole. Bouamri indicated, that ” the separatists had previously announced their exit from the ceasefire agreements, supposedly to wage a war against the Kingdom but, which, moreover, was fictitious and virtual in view of the reality on the ground “. The lawyer and political researcher further asserted that “ the Polisario is politically present, but is at odds with the UN because of the violation of the ceasefire agreement . This notion also applies to the military agreement with MINURSO. ” Consequently, the new envoy will a priori have to redefine the relations of the separatist movement with the United Nations and reach a ceasefire agreement. “. Bouamri concluded by saying that “ the second challenge of, de Mistura, is related to relaunching the political process from the premises set by the United Nations and the Security Council in their published resolutions, in particular those issued from 2017 to today, when the United Nations have adopted political criteria leading to autonomy “.