The personal envoy of the UN Secretary General for Western Sahara, Staffan de Mistura, continues his discussions with the parties having a direct or indirect relationship with the file. After Spain, it’s Russia’s turn. But the efforts of the envoy are already facing the irritated obstacles of Algeria and the Polisario.
After a meeting with the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs, José Manuel Albares, on the sidelines of the international forum on the Mediterranean “MED-Mediterranean Dialogues”, last week in Rome, De Mistura had a telephone interview with the Deputy Minister of Affairs. foreigners from the Russian Federation, Sergei Vershinin.
The two parties underlined “the importance of reaching a just, long-term and mutually acceptable solution to the problem of Western Sahara on the basis of the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council”, and the role of the UN mission. observation (Minurso) was welcomed.
“The Russian side expressed its support for the efforts of S. de Mistura aimed at resuming negotiations between the parties,” Moscow said after the meeting.
Except that concerning the resumption of negotiations between the parties, it turns out that blockages have already been issued by Algeria a week before the adoption of the last Security Council resolution. Algiers had officially announced its refusal to participate in the round table process, when de Mistura was to take service a few days after the Security Council meeting.
“We confirm our formal and irreversible rejection of this format known as round tables and we have instructed our permanent representative in New York to notify this position of the Algerian government to the president of the Security Council, asking him to circulate the note verbale in question to all members of the Council ”, declared Amar Belani, special envoy in charge of the question of Western Sahara and the Maghreb countries, to the official Algerian press agency APS.
However, this formula of round tables which include the parties to the conflict (Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario) is at the center of the mission of the personal envoy of Antonio Guterres. This formula, brought under the auspices of the United Nations, made it possible to involve the real parties to the conflict.
And if Algeria until the last moment indicated that it was only an “observer” country, the latest Security Council resolutions have confirmed the opposite, undermining the Algiers version. Moreover, in resolution 2606, the Security Council urged all parties, including Algeria to participate in the political process through round tables and to cooperate fully with the UN Secretary General and his personal envoy to reach a political solution to this regional dispute.
Morocco, for its part, considers it mandatory for Algeria to be fully associated with this political process, affirming that Rabat’s real interlocutor in this matter is Algiers. The kingdom is based on several facts against the supposed neutrality advanced by the Algerian regime.
And for good reason, Algeria is the country which created the Polisario, the Sahrawi separatist militias and pushed them to proclaim themselves as a state, the day after the Green March in 1975 which drove the Spanish occupier from the Sahara .
Algeria is actively participating in the file and has already refused several candidates for the post of personal envoy before agreeing on Staffan de Mistura’s candidacy. Algeria is also the country which oversees and manages all the operations of the separatist militia, pays its representatives and arms them and sends the Sahrawi refugees to learn how to make war with the guerrillas of Latin American countries.
It is also in Algeria that the HQ of the Polisario is located, in Tindouf. In early 2021, the leader of the separatist group, Brahim Ghali was sent urgently to Spain to be treated for the coronavirus. While the latter is being prosecuted by Spanish justice for “crimes against humanity” and “genocide”, he was able to enter European territory without going through customs controls, thanks to the intervention of the Algerian President, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, who even lent him his presidential plane for the trip and granted him a false Algerian diplomatic passport.
For more than 45 years, Algeria has mobilized all its diplomacy to promote separatism and threaten the territorial integrity of Morocco, with relentless efforts at the level of international bodies, and with African countries and Arab States, in particular within the African Union.
This, by putting this subject on the agenda of the meetings of the African body, and by organizing meetings and so-called summits with the African States members of the Security Council to influence them on this issue, same thing with the countries Arabs.
In addition, Algeria has even created a special post for the Sahara issue at the level of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, by appointing Amar Belani as “special envoy” in charge of the Sahara.
And while Algeria has failed to modify the content of the last Security Council resolution by announcing its boycott of the round tables, it is the turn of its foal, the Polisario, to try to exert pressure and blackmail, announcing a similar measure.
The leader of the separatist faction urged him to “collaborate closely” with the African Union (led by the two big anti-Moroccan heavyweights, Algeria and South Africa, editor’s note) and to set the timetable for its actions and its mission and to give it guarantees for the organization of a referendum, while this option has been eliminated for years because of the assured partiality of the results.
For the moment the UN envoy has not reacted to the sabotage attempts of two allies, and is continuing his talks with the various parties with a view to understanding the issues, the new situation and the developments in this matter.
Before the Spanish and Russian side, Staffan de Mistura had met with several parties to the UN Security Council, including Washington’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas Greenfield, and the Permanent Representative of the United Arab Emirates to the United Nations, Ms. Lana Zaki Nusseibeh.