Peru has announced its decision to suspend diplomatic relations with the Polisario in accordance with international law. This decision comes into effect September 8.
Peru reaffirmed its commitment to support ongoing efforts within the United Nations aimed at achieving a just, enduring, and mutually agreeable political resolution to the issue of Sahara.
The country emphasized its dedication to facilitating the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara within the framework of United Nations principles and purposes.
“This solution should provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara within provisions consistent with the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter, with the assistance and support of the international community and friendly countries.”
With mounting pressure on Peru to reconsider its stance on the Sahara issue, Patricia Chirinos, Chairwoman of the Peruvian Congress Defence Committee, had recently urged President Dina Boluarte to swiftly reassess the nation’s position.
The Sahara matter has gained prominence in the Peruvian Congress, especially in light of the legacy left by former President Pedro Castillo, whose alignment with the Polisario Front strained relations with long-standing ally Morocco. Even after Castillo’s departure from power, tensions persist.
Chirinos, in her letter to President Boluarte, called for Peru to distance itself from the Polisario, emphasizing the historical ties and shared interests between Peru and Morocco.
Acknowledging historical tensions stemming from Peru’s recognition of the Polisario in 1984, Chirinos pointed out that the suspension of this recognition in 1996 presented an opportunity for improved cooperation.
Miguel Angel Rodriguez Mackay, former Peruvian Minister of Foreign Affairs, had echoed Congress’s sentiments, advocating for Peru to follow the pragmatic approach adopted by influential nations such as the United States, Spain, and Israel, which have recognized Morocco’s sovereignty over Western Sahara.
Ricardo Sanchez Serra, Vice-President of the Federation of Peruvian Journalists, criticized Peru’s alignment with what he deemed a group with terrorist affiliations and human rights violations. He urged the country to prioritize strengthening ties with Morocco and adopting a positive-neutral stance within the United Nations concerning Morocco’s territorial integrity.