World leaders, politicians, negotiators, business leaders and activists gather in Glasgow for the two-week UN Cop26 climate summit. They will discuss how best to tackle the climate crisis following the Paris Agreement in 2015.
The UK is hosting this year’s event and hopes to make real progress towards achieving net zero carbon emissions and keeping global warming below 1.5 ° C.
The summit will officially begin this Sunday, October 31 with the opening speech, which will be given by Prince Charles, after the Queen’s withdrawal. He was advised to rest after spending a night in the hospital last week. Charles also gave the opening speech at COP21 in Paris in 2015.
Boris Johnson will host the opening ceremony on Monday, ahead of the start of the World Leaders’ Summit.
It is a two-day event that will see some of the most powerful people in the world pitching their ideas for working towards the overall goal of net zero carbon emissions. COP26 is due to end on November 12.
At COPs, nations come together to assess global progress in tackling climate change. Some years, the talks are tortured and little progress is made. But every now and then a breakthrough is made, such as at COP21 in Paris when nearly every nation in the world agreed to a new climate treaty to stop the uncontrollable climate change.
British officials hope COP26 will go down in history as an equally successful meeting, offering new commitments from countries to cut carbon emissions further and faster than ever.
The COP26 summit aims to urge countries to advance their net zero commitments through mid-century and rapidly reduce emissions over the next decade through commitments on phasing out coal, shifting to electric cars and tree planting.
Developed countries are also urged to increase funding to $ 100 billion per year, which the poorest countries need to deal with climate change.
Downing Street said Cop26 will be one of the biggest events the UK has ever organized, with 25,000 delegates expected from 196 countries and the European Union.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson will host an opening ceremony attended by dignitaries including the Prince of Wales and both will deliver remarks to leaders.
World leaders will then outline the actions they are taking, in national statements, with US President Joe Biden, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Canadian Justin Trudeau and Australian Scott Morrison speaking on Monday afternoon.
Other leaders, including Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Irish Taoiseach Micheal Martin, will speak on Tuesday.