The Kingdom of Morocco intends to continue its action to strengthen and adapt peacekeeping to the operational contexts of the 21st century, said on Tuesday the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans living abroad. , Nasser Bourita.
Speaking, by videoconference, at the 4th Ministerial Conference on Peacekeeping, held in Seoul, Nasser Bourita underlined the Kingdom’s commitments in five areas of action, namely: “Medical capacities”; “Safety and security of uniformed personnel”; “Digitization”; “Training” and “Women, Peace and Security Agenda”.
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Morocco’s commitment to peacekeeping is “permanent and constant” and has been since its independence, argued Nasser Bourita during the 2021 Ministerial Conference, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of National Defense. of the Republic of South Korea.
The United Nations Ministerial Conference on Peacekeeping is a follow-up conference to the 2015 United Nations Peacekeeping Summit.
“Embracing the ideals of the United Nations Charter, the Kingdom has contributed since 1960 to fifteen Peacekeeping Operations mandated by the UN Security Council, and today deploys around 1,700 peacekeepers in three Operations, ”continued the Minister.
Noting that at a crossroads, the United Nations Peacekeeping is deployed today in a context fraught with challenges, to which has been added the COVID-19 pandemic, he noted that Multidimensional operations have been added to traditional operations, testifying to the growing complexity of conflictuality and the transformation of the conflict prevention, crisis management, peacekeeping and peacebuilding continuum.
“The expansion of the mandates of Peacekeeping Operations cannot overshadow the imperative of establishing a true culture of performance. The value of these Operations can only be gauged by the achievement of political solutions, an indicator par excellence of their effectiveness, ”he continued.
In this sense, he noted that the contemporary changes in Peacekeeping are a reflection of the installation of a new holistic paradigm of the sustainability of peace, articulated around three fundamental principles.
The first of these principles is that “peace is not a state but a process. It is not limited to the absence of armed conflict, but to the treatment of the root causes of conflicts ”, explained Mr. Bourita.
The second lies in the fact that the success of a Peace Operation depends on the planning of a crisis exit strategy, even before the arrival of the first peacekeepers.
The third principle consists in the fact that “peace can only be sustainable on the condition of sufficient capacities of the host States of the Peacekeeping Operations”, he continued.
“Today, peacekeeping is experiencing an inflation of interdependent tasks, a strong demand for coordination between more and more actors, both on the ground and the UN, and an increased need in terms of resources. human and financial, ”said Mr. Bourita.
Peacekeeping is also dependent on the safety and security of uniformed personnel, faced with many classic and emerging threats, including those related to hate speech against the Blue Helmets, assured the Minister, arguing that “more that the United Nations is never called upon to preserve Peacekeeping from this insidious scourge ”.
The minister estimated that the microcosm of the French-speaking environment, which concentrates half of the UN Peacekeeping Operations, perfectly illustrates these challenges.
For this reason, Nasser Bourita announced that the Kingdom of Morocco will organize, with France and the UN, the Second Ministerial Conference on the UN and Peacekeeping in the Francophone Environment, as soon as the health situation allows.
Returning to the importance of the organization of this Conference, despite the challenges of the global health situation, the Minister specified that the spirit of this meeting, based on a results-oriented approach, is “relevant, proven and promising. “.
“Relevant, in the context of the urgent need to accelerate peacekeeping reform; proven, given the success of the first three Conferences in this process; and promising, because it responds to a growing need for concrete actions for the implementation of the UN Secretary General’s Peacekeeping Action Initiative, which Morocco was among the first Member States to support, in accordance with the Very High Instructions of His Majesty King Mohammed VI ”, he explained.
And Nasser Bourita concludes that “the Member States have shown a spirit of creativity which presided over the creation, sixty-three years ago, of the first Peacekeeping Operation. These same Member States must show the same spirit in the framework of the efforts led in this operation to reform this fundamental tool of international peace and security ”.
The 4th Ministerial Conference on Peacekeeping, which takes place in Seoul in a virtual format, due to developments in the global health situation, brings together more than 700 participants from 155 countries, including foreign and defense ministers , Heads of International Organizations, academics and journalists.
Its objective is to strengthen United Nations peacekeeping, in particular by improving the performance and impact of United Nations peacekeeping operations in accordance with the Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative.
To do this, the Conference aims to close capacity gaps through concrete commitments, including facilitating new sustainable partnerships while strengthening existing ones.
This Ministerial Conference is designed to garner the political support of the international community for peacekeeping operations, identify new country commitments to strengthen peacekeeping operations and assess the implementation of these commitments.
On the agenda is the examination of themes relating to the “Sustainability of peace”; “Performance and responsibility”; “Partnerships, training and capacity building” and “Protection of civilians and safety and security”, as well as on “Technological and medical capacity building”.