While the service sectors (45.8%) are the leading job provider in Morocco, that of agriculture (31.2%) which is following in its footsteps should not be overlooked, as it provides three times more jobs than industry and crafts combined and construction (11.2%).
The service and agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors therefore remain, as in the previous year, the leading job providers in 2021, according to the details of the High Commission for Planning (HCP) in its latest information note. relating to the situation of the labor market in 2021. The latter figures the assets at 10,772,000 positions or jobs. Two-thirds of employed city dwellers (65.8%) work in the service sector, while 7 out of 10 employed rural workers (67.8) work in the agriculture, forestry and fishing sector, which during the said financial year created more than 68,000 jobs nationally, 79,000 in rural areas and lost 11,000 in urban areas.
The “services” sector, for its part, created 115,000 jobs at the national level (74,000 in urban areas and 41,000 in rural areas), recording a 2.4% increase in employment in this sector. sector. The “Industry, including crafts” sector lost 19,000 jobs, 12,000 in urban areas and 7,000 in rural areas, while the construction sector created 71,000 jobs, 53,000 urban areas and 18,000 in rural areas. It should be noted that the agricultural sector in Morocco generates 14% of GDP. The country’s growth rate is strongly correlated with that of agricultural production.
Agriculture remains the main job provider in the country. More than 40% of the population live in this sector. The crucial role of external influence and inclusive development, wealth creation and stability provided by this sector is a protection against food insecurity, rising unemployment and precariousness. Food sovereignty, especially at this stage, constitutes a system of solidarity that benefits all citizens.
It is certain that agriculture and agri-food are vectors of job creation and prosperity in Morocco. The past year marked by a health context linked to Dame Covid, the agricultural sector has shown good performance with, in particular, an excellent cereal harvest coupled with rainfall that would have been described as normal, if it had not been for a cycle of drought that the Kingdom is currently going through. For the year 2021, the agricultural added value was estimated at 130 billion dirhams (MMDH), up by more than 18%, while the average yield stood at 23.7 qx/Ha, in 320% increase compared to the campaign before.
In the same vein, the results of the demonstration platforms (PFD) of cereals and legumes for the 2020-2021 agricultural campaign published by the OCP group raised an average yield of 44 quintals (Qx)/ha, with an average gain at the national level by 22% compared to the control plots. Despite the delay in the rains recorded this year, the 2021-2022 agricultural campaign, which officially started last November, is continuing this momentum thanks to recent rainfall. In addition, tremendous efforts have been made to ensure improved resilience of the agricultural sector to climate change.