On December 8, Morocco was ranked fourth in terms of climate performance at the global level, according to the 2021 Climate Change Performance Index Report (CCPI 2021), made public by non-organizations. Governmental organizations (NGOs), Germanwatch, the International Climate Action Network and the German New Climate Institute.
Roughly speaking, we will say that in the current race for climate neutrality, the main CICC countries leading the way in attendance are the Scandinavian countries, along with the United Kingdom and Morocco. The podium remains vacant, because no country has so far performed well to obtain an overall “very high” score (necessary to keep global warming within the limit of 1.5 ° C) Denmark, Sweden and Norway therefore ranks four to six respectively in the new Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2022.
The CICC is it still useful to recall this fact in the assessment of sixty countries as well as the European Union, which together generate more than 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Using standardized criteria, CICC examines four categories, with 14 indicators: Greenhouse gas emissions (40% of the overall score), Renewable energy (20%), Energy use (20%) and Policy climate (20%). CICC’s unique climate policy section assesses countries’ progress in implementing policies to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. However, in 2021 the Kingdom as a good student then flirted with a podium made up of Sweden, Great Britain and Denmark. In any case, this was indicated in a press release from the Ministry of Energy, Mines and the Environment – Department of the Environment and CCPI 2021.
Morocco and the indicators
What about eleven months later for us? According to the 2021 vintage, presented by the same long-standing entities since 2005. Not much, except that the Kingdom has downgraded four places and is still in the top 10 of the world’s elite in this area. Morocco remains the first country in Africa and in the Arab world thanks to its diligence in the climate issue as part of its energy strategy for the development of renewable and clean energies. What more does the new CICC just arrived tell us about the Kingdom? Morocco lost its way in the meantime and ended up in 8th place, but it still remains in the CCPI top 10 this year. As in the past, Morocco remains well ranked in most categories such as GHG emissions, energy use and climate policy. The country’s renewable energy trend is considered high, but the very low score for the share of renewables in energy consumption and the poorly rated 2030 targets are responsible for an overall average score in this category. ‘where its classification.
The Kingdom remains efficient
However, our country remains among the best performing countries. To do this, “Morocco will have updated its nationally determined contribution in 2021. Its objective is now slightly improved, from 42% to 45.5% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030, and reached a very high levelAccording to the report. However, it is expressed in CCPI 2022 that “Morocco’s energy sector is carbon intensive. Fossil fuels maintain a high share of the total primary energy supply ”. The country, however, has a plan to phase out fossil fuel subsidies and is already actively reducing these subsidies. That said, there is excellent potential for renewable energy production in Morocco, the document will praise. Indeed, many large-scale renewable energy projects are underway under the Moroccan Solar Plan.
Photovoltaic energy and solar energy put forward
The plan aims to increase installed solar power capacity from photovoltaic and concentrated solar power to a total of 20% of installed capacity by 2030. There is also an opportunity for an energy transition decentralized. The country has set a target of producing 52% of its electricity needs with renewable energy by 2030. Combined with this, it is Morocco’s goal of reducing energy consumption by 15% of by 2030 (20% according to Leila Benali’s statement to the Representatives) thanks to the improvement of energy efficiency. However, further tells us CICC 2022, weaknesses are expressed in the agriculture and construction sectors, and experts are calling for better long-term strategies and more funding for the climate actions envisaged.