A professional illegal migration industry has been created in Algeria since the start of 2021. These migrant smuggling networks have generated nearly 60 million euros this year, with only one destination, Spain. The phenomenon has been exacerbated since the arrival in power of the Algerian president, Abdelmadjid Tebboune.
These clandestine migration movements have mainly targeted Spain, revealed an article in Jeune Afrique which cites among the reasons for choosing this destination, in addition to geographical proximity, favorable climatic conditions and the use of sophisticated boats;
Water taxis with powerful engines of 200 to 300 horsepower that make it possible to reach the other side of the Mediterranean in record time and make round trips several times a week, adds the same source citing a survey of the Unit against irregular immigration (UCRIF) of the Spanish police.
The boats used by these trans-Mediterranean migrant networks leave daily from the beaches of western Algeria to the Spanish coasts. According to figures put forward by Jeune Afrique, no less than 10,000 Algerians have entered Spain illegally since the start of the year.
The figures are based on illegal entries recorded by the Spanish port authorities, but do not reflect another significant part, the one that managed to escape the Spanish authorities.
“For several months, the arrivals of Algerian migrant boats in Spain have been increasing. A traffic that has become more professional, generating millions of euros in profits on the backs of the candidates at the start, ”wrote Jeune Afrique, asserting that this illegal migrant trade has been able to generate nearly 60 million euros since the beginning. early 2021.
Describing a real “industry” of migrant smuggling that was created in Algeria, the article notes a similar figure recorded the previous year in 2020, when 11,500 Algerian illegal migrants entered via the ports of Almeria, Murcia and Alicante. .
These criminal networks seek to saturate the centers of human assistance and reception of migrants to bring in more migrants and leave the Spanish authorities unable to manage the influx from Algeria, indicates the UCRIF survey of the Spanish police.
And to make this overflow strategy work, migrant networks have invested in these fast boats to always transport more people. A godsend that allows them to gain on the number of migrants seduced by the success of the operations, but also increases the price of the place.
Thus, this industry of Algerian migrants in Spain has driven up the prices of the place which vary according to the climatic conditions, the size and the weight of the candidate for illegal immigration, going from 800,000 Algerian dinars (about 5,000 euros) to million dinars (6,300 euros) in a country where the average monthly salary is around 41,000 dinars or 258 euros, according to the National Statistics Office (ONS).
Faced with the political crisis that Algeria is going through which resulted in the Hirak, a national movement of systematic rejection of the military institution that controls the country, and the absence of horizons, especially for young people in a country where the median age is 28, more and more young people hope to find a better future elsewhere.
The human rights situation in Algeria has deteriorated even more since the arrival to power of Abdelmadjid Tebboune in 2019, who has screwed up freedoms, marginalized political parties and silenced opposition with accusations of terrorism, threats to the stability of the country or publication of false information.
Algeria’s economic situation is also in bad shape despite the country being a rich oil state, its inhabitants live in poverty and are hit hard by unemployment, especially among young people and in the regions of southern Algeria. .
This situation of illegal migration has also affected France, with whom diplomatic relations have been severely impacted since Paris announced the reduction by 50% of visas issued to Algeria as a sanction for the refusal of the Algerian authorities to take back its nationals who arrived illegally on French soil.