Libya remains immersed in political uncertainty 10 days before a presidential election postponed for a month. A crucial country for security and migration management in the Mediterranean, efforts have multiplied in recent days to try to put Tripoli back on the track of a political solution.
While Libya was due to experience the very first democratic presidential election on December 24 after the fall of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, the hopes of the Libyans have run out of steam in the face of the political deadlock caused between the forces of the East and those of Tripoli.
Torn by war for more than 10 years, the country was about to end a dark decade of instability, insecurity, and stalled economic development for this oil-rich state.
The international community, led by a political project of unification and reconciliation by the United Nations, will have lasted several years and was to culminate on December 24 in a presidential election in which the controversial Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the head of the Parliament of Tobruk (East ), Aguila Saleh, the current Prime Minister-designate, Abdel Hamid Dbeibah and other figures in the Libyan political landscape.
Only two days before the UN-sponsored ballot for which the Libyan people had been preparing, the vote was postponed under the pretext of logistical difficulties and amid disagreements over the electoral law deemed to favor Marshal Haftar, and which did not not been voted on in the hemicycle.
The election at D-10 unlikely
Since that day, the race to maintain the roadmap drawn up by the UN has been launched with the aim of being able to organize the elections as planned, on 24 January.
But this deadline seems to be moving away in the face of the latest developments in progress. The head of Parliament, Aguila Saleh, who had officially retired in October to lead his presidential campaign, announced Thursday evening that he was returning to his duties on Monday, a week before the scheduled date.
The last session chaired by Aguila Saleh dates back to September 20, 2021, during which a vote was taken to withdraw confidence in the government of national unity led by Abdel Hamid Dbeibah. Since then, this government has resumed its functions for lack of a vote.
The head of the Tobruk Parliament called all members of the Council to the official session starting Monday in the House of Representatives. Parliament is expected to vote on proposals following meetings and consultations in Benghazi and meetings held in Tripoli between the two camps.
Attempt to convince neighboring and Arab countries
For her part, Stephanie Williams, who led the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) until the end of 2021, before being appointed special adviser for Libya, embarked on a tour in the countries of the region and of the Libyan neighborhood to try to see how they see the way out of the impasse in the country.
Stephanie Williams seeks to register and involve Arab countries and neighboring countries of Libya in a positive dynamic aimed at supporting the political process led by the UN. And for that, she had consultations with the head of Tunisian diplomacy, Othmane Jerandi, and the Algerian ambassador a few days after the reopening of the Algerian embassy in Tripoli.
Previously, the UN representative had consultations in Egypt and discussed with the Ambassador of the United Arab Emirates in Libya, Mohammed Al Shamsi, noting the need to “coordinate” efforts for the success of the political process in Libya.
The special adviser, who is trying to get neighboring countries and influential Arab countries to adhere to this dynamic, knows that she can count on the support of Morocco, a country which has played a decisive role in the evolution towards the end of the crisis in Libya.
During her visit to Rabat and her meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nasser Bourita, the Special Adviser for Libya, praised the support given by Morocco and King Mohammed VI to the efforts deployed by the United Nations to resolve the crisis. Libyan.
On this occasion, Stephanie Williams thanked Morocco and King Mohammed VI for their “unwavering and continuous support”. to the UN for the resolution of the Libyan conflict.
“The Libyans are very happy with my visit to Morocco because they know that the Kingdom supports the UN process,” the UN official said, recalling the political agreement signed by the warring factions of Skhirate’s Libya. in 2015, still a reference framework in the reconstruction of the country.