Since the enthronement of King Mohammed VI on July 30, 1999, Morocco has been making great strides. The twenty-three years of the Sovereign’s reign have been marked by infrastructure projects that are as titanic as they are structuring. From the port of Tangier Med to the LGV passing by the jewel that is the thermo-solar power plant of Ouarzazate, review of the most emblematic projects of these two decades.
Maritime: Tanger Med, a major logistical asset
This is the major infrastructure project at the start of the reign of King Mohammed VI. In 2022, this megaproject is still in constant evolution, further strengthening its contribution to the development of the Moroccan economy. First port in Africa since 2017 and first in the Mediterranean since 2020, Tanger Med is today at 23e world rank of the largest container ports in the world, according to the ranking established by Alphaliner, a platform specializing in maritime trade.
A true logistics catalyst for Moroccan industrial ecosystems, and connected to more than 180 global ports, it offers processing capacities for 9 million containers, 7 million passengers, 700,000 trucks and 1 million vehicles. Tanger Med constitutes an industrial platform for more than 1100 companies representing an annual business volume of 5.3 billion euros in various sectors such as automotive, aeronautics, logistics, textiles and trade. The Tangier-Casablanca LGV line, inaugurated on November 15, 2018, further accelerates the logistics connectivity of this major economic hub.
TGV: Casablanca-Kenitra-Tangier, the high-speed axis
The High Speed Line (LGV) is one of the biggest projects of the decade. With this colossal project launched in 2011, Morocco became the first country in Africa to launch a 320 km/h train on its rail network. This project required 12 viaducts, 169 road bridges and rail bridges and more than a hundred hydraulic structures, for an investment initially estimated at 20 billion dirhams.
By 2035, the master plan indicates that the project will extend between Agadir and Oujda, passing in particular through Marrakech and Fez. The current rail network (2,110 km of rail lines and 120 stations) operated by ONCF alone is regularly restructured and modernized. The main investment projects consist in doubling, or even tripling, the tracks around Casablanca for the purposes of reception capacity and travel time.
Roads: a network that is gaining in density
The Moroccan road network totals a length of more than 57,000 km, including 43,000 km paved (76%) and 14,000 km developed or in the state of tracks (26%). A road coverage that has greatly increased in density over the past 20 years, in particular thanks to the National Program for Rural Roads, which has greatly contributed to opening up remote areas of Morocco. The highways, for their part, are 1,800 km long and play a key role in the development of the country, with 60% of the population directly connected to this network and 85% living less than an hour from a highway. Similarly, all towns with more than 400,000 inhabitants are attached to the motorway network and new sections are regularly brought into service by the Moroccan National Motorway Company (ADM).
Energies: the turn of the renewable
One of the biggest projects in Morocco has undoubtedly been the development of renewable energies. The Kingdom’s objectives in this area are very ambitious: 60% of the energy mix from renewable sources by 2030, and 52% by 2030. A royal commitment that was highlighted during COP 22, which will is held in Marrakech. In April 2017, King Mohammed VI launched construction work on the Noor Ouarzazate IV power plant, the largest thermo-solar energy complex in the world. Established on 3,000 hectares, the four solar power plants of Noor meet international standards, both technologically and environmentally, and are associated with a research and development platform on 150 hectares.
Urban metamorphosis and new mobility
Over the past twenty years, Moroccan cities have experienced a real metamorphosis, both in terms of urban planning and mobility. The administrative and economic capitals of Morocco, Rabat and Casablanca respectively, have been equipped with a constantly expanding tramway network. Infrastructure that has become essential, which has changed the habits of city dwellers.
At the same time, cable-stayed bridges, hoppers and widening of tracks have also come to relieve the chronic congestion from which the country’s metropolises suffered. The cities of Marrakech and Tangier have also been the subject of particular attention, the latter having become almost unrecognizable as its urban metamorphosis has been profound.
Football: Complex Mohammed VI, a setting worthy of the greatest
630 million dirhams. This is the cost of the investment granted by the public authorities to completely renovate the Mohammed VI Football Center in Maâmoura. Inaugurated on Monday by King Mohammed VI, this complex perfectly meets the standards required by FIFA with state-of-the-art infrastructure and equipment in all areas. From now on, our footballers, whether they are juniors, hopefuls or professionals, will benefit from the very best in terms of training centres.
The new complex houses four natural turf football pitches, three synthetic turf football pitches, an indoor football pitch, a hybrid football pitch, a re-athletic room that can host futsal matches, an Olympic outdoor swimming pool , two tennis courts and a beach soccer field. Thus all the national selections will be able to benefit from the best in Africa and perhaps in the world to best prepare for future deadlines.