Water scarcity in Morocco has prompted officials to accelerate the activation of prevention programs to ensure that water reaches all citizens, despite harsh weather conditions.
An official source from the Directorate General of Water Engineering, affiliated to the Ministry of Equipment and Water, confirmed that Morocco has been able to generalize water supply in urban areas.
Indeed, the supply rate reached 100%. It has also worked to generalize the water supply in the rural world, where the proportion reaches 98.2%, of which 40% by individual connection.
The same official explained, in an interview with MoroccoLatestNews, that Morocco has an important hydraulic infrastructure which includes 149 large dams with a storage capacity of more than 19 billion cubic meters, 136 small dams, 13 diversion facilities of water, 158 treatment plants, 9 seawater desalination plants and thousands of water holes.
This infrastructure has made it possible, the spokesperson added, to secure the water supply on a regular basis during dry years, and even during the succession of years of drought for several years, as was the case during the 1980s. and 90 of the last century.
In order to avoid the effects of this drought, the same source specifies that several proactive measures have been taken with the various actors to secure water, mainly relating to the mobilization of additional water resources to meet the various water needs. , in particular drinking water, by increasing the use of groundwater.
New boreholes have been drilled and equipped, as well as tight management of the syringes of certain dams, in addition to the treatment of brackish water for certain water brushes.
At the same time, the monitoring of unauthorized water withdrawals in certain valleys and certain multi-use canals is reinforced, in addition to the efforts made by the various actors to improve the efficiency of the water transport and distribution networks, to support the supply of rural areas with structured hydraulic networks, monitoring of the completion of seawater desalination plants and restoration.
The use of treated water to irrigate green spaces An awareness campaign has also been launched with the aim of rationalizing the use of water and its economy, and activating the work of vigilance committees at provincial government to take the necessary measures to ensure the water supply.
It should be noted that the share of water per inhabitant during the first years after independence was more than 2500 cubic meters per year, while today it does not exceed 600 cubic meters.
Experts say that the continuation of this crisis without urgent intervention will lead to further deterioration and reaching the quota of 500 cubic meters, a figure that effectively indicates entering a crisis of water resources.
The Thematic Working Group to Assess Water Policy that has been formed in the House of Representatives is working to discuss ways to recover lost water resources and provide them in appropriate quantities to keep pace with the development of the country and maintain the available balance of it, a balance that has begun to shrink due to the scarcity of rainfall and other reasons related to mismanagement.