On the occasion of the triple legislative, regional and municipal elections scheduled for September 8, 2021, the High Commission for Planning (HCP) presents some data relating to the electoral landscape of 2021. It concerns, in particular, an analysis of the Moroccan population of voting age with an emphasis on first-time voters.
Thus, and according to the data put forward by the HCP, the population of voting age amounts to nearly 25.226 million Moroccans (against 23.211 million in 2016, with a difference of 2 million) which represents 69.5% of the total population of Morocco, of which just over half are women (12.801 million and 50.7%). These potential voters would be mostly city dwellers with a membership of 16.683 million representing 66.1% of the total electorate in 2021, says the HCP.
According to the electoral lists adopted on July 31, 2021, the HCP has 17.509 million people registered on these lists, i.e. a registration rate of 69.4%. This rate is higher in rural areas (8.054 million registered / 94.3%), than in urban environment (9.455 million registered, 56.7%) specifies the same source. Regarding gender, there are more men registered (9.455 million registered, 76.1%) than women (8.054 million registered, 62.9%). Also, as age increases, the enrollment rate rises from 33.6% for 18-24 year olds to 94.4% for those aged 60 and over specifies the HCP.
With regard to first-time voters, and given that each new election is the occasion for a generational renewal of the electorate, this category counts according to the HCP 3.002 million individuals and constitutes nearly 11.9% of the population in age to vote. These are young people between 18 and 22 years old who will, by this time, have reached, for the first time, the age to vote. Among these first-time voters, the HC counts 1.473million women (49.1%) and 1.792 million city dwellers (59.7%).
Breakdown of first-time voters: Casa at the top of the list
Depending on the region, the HCP indicates that Grand Casablanca-Settat concentrates nearly a fifth (19.1%) of first-time voters followed by the Marrakech-Safi region (13.6%), then Rabat-Salé-Kénitra (13 , 1%) and Fès-Meknes (12.2%). On the other hand, the regions of Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Dakhla-Oued Ed Dahab record the lowest proportions, raises the HCP, respectively 1.3%, 1.1% and 0.5% of the all first-time voters.
In details, Ahmed Lahlimi Alami’s department reports that nearly 9 out of 10 first-time voters, or 88.9%, are single, 98.6% among men and 79% among women. Whereas, the share of married people is of the order of 10.8%. It is 20.3% for women against 1.4% for men, says the same source.
Depending on the level of education, a little more than half of first-time voters (55.1%) have secondary level (college with 25.1% and qualifying 30%), 24.5% have the higher level, 16 , 2% have primary level and 3.5% have no education.
According to the national employment survey, in the second quarter of 2021, there would be among the first-time voters nearly 18.9% of employed workers, 18.4% of housewives and 51.6% of students. or students.
In addition, nearly three in ten first-time voters (29%) nationally do not work, do not attend school or take any training, while nearly 72% of them are girls. In rural areas, about 81% of this category are young girls details the HCP.
As for the employment rate of first-time voters, it is 18.9% (29.4% among men against 8.3% among women) specifies the same source, noting that this rate is higher in the middle rural (31.7%) than in urban areas (11.2%).
At the national level, employed active first-time voters are more present in the sector of ” agriculture, forestry and fishing “With a share of 49.8% of employment in this category, followed by the” services »Which constitutes the second sector providing employment with a proportion of 29.3%, then followed by industry including crafts (10.9%) and construction (10.1%).
To conclude, the HCP raises that the category of first-time voters remains more affected by unemployment, with an unemployment rate that reaches 30.1% noting that women are more than men, with respective unemployment rates of 35, 4% and 28.5%. In cities, the unemployment rate for this category is more than three times that in the countryside with 47% and 14% respectively, concludes the same source.