The 27 Member States of the European Union have approved the end of the heat engine for new cars and vans by 2035, as part of the “Climate package”.
The European Ministers of the Environment, meeting in Luxembourg, thus validated, overnight from Tuesday to Wednesday, the package presented by the European Commission on July 14, 2021, which should enable the EU to reduce its net emissions of gas greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.
In the mobility section and before the end of the internal combustion engine, the Council agreed to raise the targets for reducing CO2 emissions for new cars and new vans by 2030, to 55% for cars and to 50% for vans.
In 2026, the Commission will assess the progress made towards achieving the 100% emission reduction targets and the need to review these targets taking into account technological developments, including with regard to plug-in hybrid technologies and the importance of a viable and socially equitable transition towards zero emissions.
The 27 also agreed to end the regulatory incentive mechanism for zero- and low-emission vehicles from 2030.
Among other decisions, the Council validated the creation of a Social Fund for the climate, in order to support households, micro-enterprises and vulnerable transport users in support of the creation of the emission quota trading system for the building and road transport sectors.
Each Member State will have to submit to the Commission a “social plan for the climate”, containing a set of measures and investments to deal with the impact of carbon pricing on vulnerable groups. The fund will provide financial support to Member States to finance the measures and investments defined in their plans, to increase the energy efficiency of buildings, the renovation of buildings, the decarbonisation of heating and cooling in buildings and the adoption zero- and low-emission mobility and transport, including measures providing direct income support on a temporary and limited basis.
It was agreed that the fund would be part of the EU budget and would be financed by external assigned revenue up to a maximum amount of €59 billion.
Now that the Council has decided on its positions on the Climate package, negotiations with the European Parliament can begin to find an agreement.