Household helpers and other domestic workers are less and less minors in Morocco, noted a field study carried out by the Democratic Confederation of Labor (CDT) and the Center for Studies and Research in Social Sciences (CERSS). Their age is between 30 and 50 years, indicates the study which was interested in their socio-economic situation.
While there are no precise and official figures on the number of domestic helpers in Morocco, estimates bring their number to around 200,000 people, while unions and some associations estimate their number at nearly a million.
The study’s estimates indicate that there are more than 8.5 million families in Morocco, implying that the use of domestic workers is not limited to wealthy or well-off families but encompasses several socio-economic categories.
90% of these domestic workers are women and despite the 2016 law, only 2,000 of them have employment contracts, while the rest are moonlighting. And it is their socio-economic situation that worries workers’ and human rights defenders, especially since the advent of the health crisis linked to the coronavirus and the 2020 confinement which has put them in a difficult position. complicated and precarious situation.
If the debate in Morocco concerning the scourge of child labor twenty years ago, the conclusions of this new study show the “gradual disappearance” of this phenomenon given that on the random sample of 540 workers domestic workers, employers and other resource persons who were interviewed during this study carried out between Casablanca, Rabat and Tangier, their age is between 30 and 50 years.
The study carried out within the framework of a partnership agreement between the Democratic Confederation of Labor (CDT) and the Center for Studies and Research in Social Sciences (CERSS) with the support of the RIOJA Government and in partnership with The Trade Union Institute for International Development Cooperation (ISCOD), however, sets out new trends in domestic work in Morocco.
These include the emergence of foreign workers, especially Asian workers, but also workers with a fairly advanced level of education, sometimes reaching university level, and this category is dedicated to the care and support of people. elderly, sick or with specific needs, or children, according to Abderrahman Mouline, researcher at ISCOD, and coordinator of the project.
For Nadia Soubate, project coordinator and member of the CDT executive board, this study aims above all to draw attention to the situation of domestic workers, and to help structure this sector and strengthen social protection.
Ms. Soubate insisted on compliance with Law N 19-12 fixing the working and employment conditions of domestic workers and Convention N 189 on domestic workers adopted in 2011 by the International Labor Organization.
Despite the 2016 law on domestic workers, which entered into force in 2018, only 4,523 domestic workers including, drivers, gardeners and household helpers were declared at the level of social security (CNSS) until the end of August 2021.
According to those in charge of the study, the fact that the majority of workers are not affiliated with any form of social protection is due to ignorance of the legal framework regulating this area.