Cornerstone of the reform of the public sector, Bill 82.20 establishing the National Agency responsible for ensuring the strategic management of State holdings was examined on Monday by the Finance Committee in the First Chamber. What are the challenges of creating this agency and is it wise to create one?
While only one day separates us from the closure of Parliament (July 15), the government as well as the Finance Committee rushed to complete in extremis the text of the bill n ° 82.20 necessary for the reform of the public sector. A closure which is essential given that the reform agenda provides for an in-depth transformation of the public sector from the start of the next five-year term. And this, to the point of giving rise to a postponement of the closing of the spring session and therefore of the current legislature initially scheduled for tomorrow Thursday.
On Monday, the Minister of Economy and Finance presented the said project to the Finance Committee in the House of Representatives. In his address to the members of the said commission, he presented a preliminary list of the large groups owned by the State and those that hold a portfolio of subsidiaries that weigh in the indicators of the public sector.
Presented at the last minute, this bill has just been transferred to the House of Councilors, which will require at least a few days before its validation and its return to the first chamber for a second.
Although we do not know if this will lead to a postponement of the closing of the legislature for a few days, we already know that this agency is presented as one of the main levers of the said reform. Its mission will consist in ensuring the strategic management of state holdings as well as monitoring the performance of public establishments and enterprises (EEP). A gigantic mission which calls for reflection on its feasibility and its usefulness.
Disparate establishments under the same dome?
From the moment we know that this agency will oversee disparate establishments which have divergent vocations and logics, there is reason to wonder about the feasibility and even the usefulness of such an agency.
Joined by MoroccoLatestNews FR, economist Mohamed Chiguer wondered: “is it rational to create an agency that will oversee disparate establishments? “.
Going into detail, he also focused on the “how”. “How are we going to reconcile all this with the text of each establishment to make it an establishment under the umbrella of the agency?
Giving the example of the Caisse de depot et de gestion (CDG), he recalled that the Dahir instituting the CDG (n ° 1-59-074 of 1er chaabane 1378 (February 10, 1959)), “made its Director general the only master on board and that even the supervisory commission (equivalent to the Board of Directors) does not have a chairman ”. And to add, “each year we ask the Governor of Bank Al Maghrib (BAM) to chair the meeting, but the first person in charge and the only person in charge remains the Director General”.
Thus, he highlighted the question of reforming the text of creation of each establishment to enter the bosom of this super agency.
According to this former Director of Studies and Management Control at CDG, its integration into the reform text requires reform of its creation text. Ditto for the rest of the establishments concerned.
“How are we going to reconcile all this with the text of each establishment to make it an establishment under the umbrella of the agency? “, He wonders in the same wake.
In the same vein, this old man warned against the repetition of the mistakes made during the reform of the financial system, in particular, the transformation of specialized financial organizations into universal banks which gave rise to a problem of financing of certain sectors.
“If it is a question of merging the CIH and Crédit Agricole, we will have problems of this nature. The CIH was specialized in the financing of tourism, Crédit Agricole in agriculture, BNDE in industry. When they decided to transform them into banks, we had the problem of financing certain sectors, ”he said.
For the president of the Center for Studies and Research Aziz Belal (CERAB), the question must be asked “what is the objective through all this?” “.
“If we are going to win on the accounting side with the rationalization of certain expenses, we can lose on the financing side of the economy,” he believes.
From an institutional point of view, MoroccoLatestNews FR questioned Mr. Chiguer on the possible weakening of the developer government.
“Of course”, responds at first glance this former state clerk by arguing: “we will deprive the ministries of their financial arm or the arm through which they intervene in certain sectors by forcing them to go through the agency”.
“The agency will be a super ministry of public establishments. How will it reconcile between the National Interprofessional Office for Cereals and Legumes (ONICL) or the Compensation Fund on one side and CDG on the other? », Asks our interlocutor.
“If it were a question of creating an agency which will supervise financial establishments, another which will supervise commercial establishments, I could have said at the limit (…), but in the case of the fact, there is has a problem.
“On the one hand, we must already reform certain texts of public establishments and on the other hand we are mixing brushes. We make the agency a great ministry and we deprive the ministries and the government certainly of the margins it has to carry out and execute its program ”.
It is not at all rational. It is much more accountable and much more a way of making these establishments escape the control of Parliament “, he affirms, stressing that he has always had a desire to” debudget everything that comes under the government and escape a part of the parliamentary control budget ”.