Beyond what the report of the Special Commission on the Development Model (CSMD) offers the vision of Morocco of tomorrow, it would be good to dwell on the reality on the ground, a preamble, which the document pointed out. as an inventory, which he considers “mixed between achievements and shortcomings”. A refreshment as a return to the past that constitutes the last two decades.
“Morocco has not been able to consolidate its development momentum. The weaknesses are manifested at several levels ”it is written. And to define the prosperous period of the beginning of the new century in its ” fairly vigorous growth rates Which will gradually diminish over the years, due to its capacity to create less and less wealth and jobs. And to go there in figures showing a growth of the Moroccan economy which went from 4.8% on annual average over the period 2000-2009 to 3.5% over the period 2010-2019 (2.8 % between 2018 and 2019) what is more, did not necessarily result in job creation or at least generate little employment to be able to absorb ” new entrants to the labor market, mostly young people “.
We will retain through the lines of “what can be done better” these figures for net job creation going from nearly 144,000 jobs to 69,000 jobs on an annual average respectively between 2000-2009 and 2010-2019 (Cf. MEFRA, on the HCP database).
The economic response to this situation not having been as desired, has put certain limits in exercise. It has even been aggravated by several factors, shortcomings, dysfunctions and other paradoxes specific to our economy and to which the report alluded. The CSMD incumbent, the responsibility for the slowness of the process of transformation of the Moroccan economy, has a GDP which has stagnated for the last two decades during and this, in spite of the reverse of the medallion however positive that the Special Commission believed to see through ” positive and promising developments in certain industries such as automotive or aeronautics »Regretting, however, that they are not« dense enough to cause a change in the economic structure “.
Regarding the development of human capital, “ efforts to increase access have made it possible to generalize basic education and expand the supply of care “. However, we are far from the mark because this good intention was not accompanied by an improvement in the quality of public education, training and health services, regrets the report. “The performance of the Moroccan school remains very low, with two thirds of the pupils who do not master reading at the end of primary school and a school dropout rate which remains very high” the report further notes.
According to data from the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research (CSEFRS), nearly 432,000 students dropped out of public school education cycles in 2018 without having certification, of which 78% fall under cycles primary and college (Cf. Territorial Atlas of school dropout – December 2019).
Higher education was not spared in the findings of the CSMD. ” University education has also experienced a very strong but uncontrolled expansion, marked by a deterioration in supervision and quality, and the maintenance of sectors that do not provide the skills and needs demanded by the labor market, as in testifies to the high level of unemployed university graduates compared to courses with regulated access. Higher education suffers from a weak development of scientific research and a still limited openness to its socio-professional environment Also recognizes the document.
Regarding health, and despite the expansion of health coverage (AMO, RAMED), the difficulties of access to the health care system remain, it is still written in the report. The reason can be found in the weakness of the budgetary resources allocated to this sector, around 6% of the general operating budget (on average over the period 2014-2019) against an international standard of 13%. We cannot conceal a rate of medical supervision that is far below the standards established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and an unequal distribution of health care provision at the territorial level. Health is a source of vulnerability for Moroccans, since 38% of the population lacks medical coverage and households provide on average 50% of health expenditure.
Moreover, despite the positive results recorded or undertaken by Morocco in the fight against poverty (monetary poverty was greatly reduced, from 15.3% to 4.8% respectively between 2001 and 2014. As for poverty multidimensional, it fell significantly from 24.5% to only 6% between the two periods considered), social inequalities remain at a high level (the top 10% still concentrate 11 times more wealth than the poorest 10% (Cf. HCP), in a context of low social mobility, lack of inclusion of certain categories of the population, and social protection still in its infancy.
The middle class, the report further tells us, faces a deterioration in its purchasing power due to the high cost of education and health services contracted from the private sector as an alternative to the low quality of the public supply of these services.
” Significant sections of the population, especially women (The employment rate of women is clearly deteriorating, from 30% in 1999 to 18.6% in 2019 (Cf. HCP)) and young people (The number of NEETs (young people neither in employment, neither in education, nor in training) has reached an alarming level, i.e. 4.3 million young people aged between 15 and 34 years old), suffer from low participation and marginalization due to lack of access to opportunities empowerment and support. Inequalities are also maintained by the weakness of social protection mechanisms and the inefficiency of social safety nets, which do not cover certain vulnerable populations, such as people with disabilities. », He is underlined.
The ways of socialization and development, through culture and sport in particular, remain difficult to access, it is still written, to conclude that “culture and sport have benefited from particular attention at the highest level of the State which has resulted in the launch of numerous first-rate facilities and marked support for the organization of demonstrations and events of national and international scope. This attention has not translated into public policies, as evidenced by the weakness of the budgetary and human resources dedicated to them. “.