China on Friday amended the population and family planning law, allowing couples to legally have a third child.
The decision came after a recent meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.
The implementation of the decision will improve China’s demographic structure, actively respond to an aging population and preserve the country’s human resource advantages, according to the meeting.
This change comes just six years after the last change that allowed Chinese couples to have two children.
Beginning in the 1980s, the Middle Empire had strictly limited most couples to one child, allowing authorities to prevent 400 million more births in the country.
According to the latest census data, Chinese aged 60 and over made up 18.7% of the country’s total population in 2020, 5.44% more than in 2010.
The increase in the elderly population in China will reduce the supply of labor, said Ning Jizhe, head of the National Bureau of Statistics.