“It is important to take into account economic, social and environmental criteria in the implementation of mobility policies to ensure access for all citizens while reducing the environmental impact of travel”, underlined Ahmed Réda Chami during the meeting. ‘a virtual restitution workshop, dedicated to the presentation of the Council’s opinion entitled “Sustainable mobility: Towards sustainable and accessible means of transport”.
The transport of people and their goods, in urban and rural areas, is experiencing exponential demand, while its organizational model remains complex, having reached ” his limits “, he observed in this regard, noting that these are linked in particular to national and territorial policies focused mainly on road infrastructure and private cars, instead of being “Person-centered”.
Morocco, he said, has made undeniable progress in terms of the development of modern infrastructure, as well as in terms of modes of transport, including sustainable ones, as can be seen from certain projects (LGV / TGV Maroc, electric tramways and BRTs), noting that this progress is made possible thanks, in particular, to legislative and regulatory mechanisms and to new forms of territorial governance, put in place as part of the process of advanced regionalization.
The President of the Council also pointed out that the available public transport offer turns out to be insufficient, inadequate and not very accessible, in relation to the needs of the population (in particular women, the elderly, people with disabilities and people with low incomes), both in dense urban areas and in dispersed or isolated rural areas.
Ahmed Réda Chami also indicated that the diagnosis carried out within the framework of the EESC opinion, as well as the recommendations proposed, are the result of a participatory process involving the various stakeholders.
For his part, the President of the Committee in charge of the environment and sustainable development of the EESC, Abderrahim Ksiri, highlighted the importance of the sustainable mobility sector, noting that it directly impacts the lives of citizens, but also all the economic, social, environmental and health aspects of the country.
“It is a strategic sector given the number of citizens who work there and the industries which adhere to it”, he said, noting that the rate of energy consumed in this sector is up to 40%.
The EESC, thanks to a diagnosis made at national level, was able to show that the potential for development and improvement is “enormous”, noted Abderrahim Ksiri, stressing the need to move towards transport systems that consume less energy. energy.
He also highlighted the need to opt for mobility systems that have less impact on health, and those that guarantee accessibility to all citizens and strengthen the attractiveness of territories.
Presenting the conclusions of the opinion on sustainable mobility, Idriss Ilali, rapporteur for the theme, indicated that the EESC intends, in this study, to reverse the paradigm by advocating a holistic approach which transforms the negative externalities of transport into positive externalities.
Adopted unanimously at the 121st ordinary session of the EESC, the EESC opinion examines the advisability of developing sustainable mobility in Morocco aimed at the well-being of the population, by improving the exercise of freedoms. , the right of access to basic social services and employment, and this via quality transport, more accessible and more respectful of the environment.