The Casablanca-Settat region concentrated 40.4% of the workforce declared in 2020, down 3 points compared to 2017, according to the latest report from the Moroccan Observatory of Very Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (OMTPME).
Conversely, the regions of Rabat – Salé – Kénitra, Tanger Tétouan-Al Hoceima and Souss-Massa saw their shares increase respectively by 0.8, 0.9 and 0.5 points over the same period, indicates the Observatory which was based on an analysis of 269,627 companies affiliated to the National Social Security Fund (CNSS) in 2020 having declared a total of 3,300,000 employees against 254,895 companies and 3,280,000 employees in 2019.
In addition, the examination of the evolution of the jobs occupied by the Active Legal Persons Enterprises (EPMA) and Active Natural Persons Enterprises (EPPA) over the period 2017-2020, shows that the “manufacturing industry” is the main provider of employment with a share of 16.1%, down one percentage point compared to 2017. The section “trade, repair of automobiles and motorcycles” comes in second place with a share of 15.2% , up 0.3 points. With a share of 14.4%, “construction” also recorded a drop of 0.5 point. With the exception of the “accommodation & catering” and “education” sections, whose shares also showed slight decreases, the other sections saw this proportion increase, but not significantly.
The report also shows that in 2020, 86.8% of the population of companies have a workforce of no more than 10 employees and those employing between 11 and 50 employees represent 10% of this population. As for large companies, employing more than 500 people, they account for a share limited to 0.3%.
The breakdown of employment by category of company shows that companies with turnover of less than 175 million dirhams (MDH) employ 73.7% of the workforce declared to the CNSS in 2020. If we do not considers that micro-enterprises, this proportion is 23.6% against 21.5% in 2019. As for Large Enterprises (GE), they saw their share drop from 26.9% to 26.3%.
This analysis also reveals that very small and medium-sized enterprises with a seniority of less than or equal to 5 years occupied, in 2020, 19.6% of the total jobs declared, down 1.1 points compared to 2019. This proportion is 1.1% for large companies, a decline of 0.4 point.
For its second annual report, the Observatory identified a workforce of 571,989 companies at the level of its consolidated database constituted from data provided by the Directorate General of Taxes (DGI), the CNSS and the Moroccan Industrial Property Office and commercial (OMPIC). This workforce includes 303,013 EPMA and 268,976 EPPA.