In 2020, China and the United States remain the biggest polluters in the world in terms of territorial CO2 emissions, reveals the Global Carbon Atlas platform, which ranks countries according to their carbon emissions. Of the 34,807 million tonnes of CO equivalent2 issued worldwide, the majority of them are attributed to 20 countries, including Brazil, Australia, Canada, Indonesia, Turkey and Italy.
Faced with the deterioration at high speed of the planet because of the CO2 emissions responsible for global warming, the biggest polluting countries have the responsibility to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions especially as they penalize the good students, the countries producing the least CO2, a maximum of which is concentrated on the African continent.
Except that at the time when the COP26 on the climate is being held in Glasgow, China, the world’s largest polluter, has decided to boycott the Summit and announced the increase in its coal production. The same goes for Russia and Brazil, which are among the top 20 CO2 emitting countries.
The Global Carbon Atlas platform under the aegis of the Global Carbon Project, based on contributions from numerous research institutes and scientists from around the world, classifies carbon dioxide emissions according to the country, in particular from the oxidation of coal , petroleum, natural gas and its combustion, as well as the manufacture of cement.
According to the latest data collected for 2020 on territorial physical carbon dioxide emissions, China turns out to be the world’s largest polluter, with 10,668 million tonnes of CO equivalent2 (MtCO2) produced in 2020 (MtCO2) and a population of almost one and a half billion.
It is followed by the United States which produces less than half of China’s emissions, with 4,713 million tonnes of CO equivalent.2 (MtCO2) produced in 2020. For comparison, the African continent as a whole is only responsible for 1326 MtCO2 with a population similar to that of China.
According to the statistics that emerge from the graphs, the largest emitters of carbon dioxide are concentrated in Asia, with 5 countries forming part of the TOP10 polluters, led by China, followed by India (3rd place), Japan ( 5th place), South Korea (9th place), and Indonesia (10th place).
In second regional place, two regions are tied in terms of the number of countries emitting the most CO2. This is Europe where Russia is ranked 4th largest emitter of CO2, and Germany ranked 7th. And this is also the Middle East region with two countries as well, namely Iran ranked 6th and Saudi Arabia ranked 8th.
In terms of the concentration of polluting countries, Europe comes first, to the exclusion of Russia, which is located in Eastern Europe. They are gathered in a restricted geographical area which concentrates the most CO2 producing countries.
In the lead comes Germany with 644 MtCO2, Great Britain with 330 MtCO2 produced, followed by Italy (304 MtCO2), Poland (300 MtCO2), Spain (209 MtCO2), France (277 MtCO2) , Ukraine (214 MtCO2), the Netherlands (138 MtCO2).
In Africa, only 4 countries have high carbon emissions. South Africa takes first place in the ranking with 452 MtCO2, followed by Egypt with 214 MtCO2, Algeria with 155 MtCO2, and Nigeria with 126 MtCO2.
But even the most polluting country on the African continent remains far from the main polluter of the Old Continent, and is closer to the third European country, Great Britain. In North Africa, Morocco emits 65 MtCO2, followed by Libya 51 MtCO2, and Tunisia 28 MtCO2 and Algeria remain at the top of the ranking.