Violence against women is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that persists in Morocco, especially since the confinement due to the spread of the coronavirus. In this sense, Oxfam in Morocco organized, Monday, December 6, a seminar-debate which calls on all actors in society to promulgate Law 103-13 on the fight against violence against women.
As part of the activities organized by Oxfam in Morocco to commemorate the 16 days of activism, this seminar highlights the study carried out in partnership with Economia on “Violence against women in the light of the law and the pandemic context”. This is an assessment of Law 103-13 on gender-based violence three years after its promulgation in terms of regulations, experiences and representations of the law in the light of the Covid-19 context.
This study was based on the experience of the various actors concerned by this law, in particular civil society, the body of judges, the bar association and women survivors of violence.
“Oxfam in Morocco reiterates its commitment to a fair and egalitarian Morocco which ensures opportunities for development for young women and marginalized people and which at the same time ensures the same opportunities for access and exercise of rights in a free environment. of violence and without discrimination ”, confided to the microphone of MoroccoLatestNews, Kamilia Raouyane in charge of influence and gender at Oxfam Morocco.
“Our work on the reform of Law 113-03 and this study which has been carried out will allow us to improve the legislative framework in relation to the fight against violence against women and girls in Morocco”, she added.
According to the influencer and gender officer at Oxfam Morocco, “This is a fairly fertile site which also makes it possible to join the demands and struggle of the feminist movement in Morocco”.
“We hope through this study to continue raising awareness but also advocacy for an environment free of violence and a culture of equality in Morocco”, did she say.
For her part, Fadma Ait Mous, professor-researcher at the Department of Sociology at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences Ain Chok (Hassan II University of Casablanca) indicates that this study has shed light on the knowledge of Moroccan citizens on Law 103-13 and its effectiveness, particularly during confinement due to the coronavirus crisis.
Indeed, thehe Covid-19 pandemic and the lockdown period have exacerbated violence against women, and shed light on the gaps in the law and the mechanisms put in place to protect women against violence.
An assessment of Law 103-13
This context also made it possible to relaunch the debate on the shortcomings of the law and on the inequalities induced by the roles that society assigns to women and men, in particular the distribution of tasks based on gender, positive masculinities and mental load.
“The study consisted of a sort of evaluation of Law 103-13 relating to the fight against violence against women in order to raise awareness of its application through testimonies from women who have experienced this situation, in rather exceptional circumstances. of the coronavirus crisis which exacerbated this violence ”, explains the professor.
“The idea was to question public opinion on their vision of this law, two years after its application and especially during the pandemic situation during confinement in order to know if the aforementioned law protected women or not, in order to raise the problems to be solved ”, she believes.
In this sense, Pr Ait Mous calls for more awareness of the existence of this law and what it allows as a right for women victims of violence.
The main recommendation resulting from this study is the improvement of collaboration on the part of governance in the field, accompanied by the lack of human and financial means, namely the training of people who work in different centers whether in health, in justice or the police, for a common conscience on the rights of women in Moroccan society.
When it came into force after adoption and publication in the BO, Law 103-13, had suffered several criticisms, in particular from the Democratic Association of Women of Morocco (ADFM) which had judged it at the time. “Below international standards”.
Law 103-13 relating to the fight against violence against women, put in place to protect women in public spaces, and against any act of violence, forced marriage of minors, but also comments of a sexual nature made or sent by SMS, voice messages or photos, provides for a prison sentence of up to 6 months and a fine of between 6,000 and 10,000 dhs.