The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted, on Thursday, the resolution of the Fourth Committee on the Moroccan Sahara, confirming the commitment of the international community to a political settlement to this artificial conflict with full respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom.
This resolution reiterates, once again, the support of the General Assembly for the political process carried out under the auspices of the United Nations, on the basis of the resolutions of the Security Council since 2007, with a view to reaching a “political solution”. fair, lasting and mutually acceptable ”to this regional dispute.
The adoption of this resolution and the debates which took place in the 4th committee throughout the month of October and the beginning of November once again confirmed the disuse and the forfeiture of Algeria’s biased positions on the Moroccan Sahara. They demonstrate once again the shrinking support for Algeria which can be counted on the fingers of our hands, while Morocco, thanks to the correctness of its cause and the strength of its arguments, relies on strong support, acting and ever growing of the overwhelming majority of members of the international community.
Indeed, the debates on the occasion of the work of the 4th Committee of the UN GA, testify to a “resounding” and multifaceted support for the first national cause of Morocco and the relevance of the initiative of autonomy, within the framework of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom, as the only durable, realistic and compromise solution to this conflict of another era.
Following one another on the podium of the 4th committee room, the ambassadors and representatives of the Member States, from the five regions of the world, thus wished to underline Morocco’s “credible” efforts and its commitment within the framework of the UN political process aimed at achieve a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise solution to this regional conflict.
Throughout the debates, ambassadors and representatives of delegations and regional groupings took the floor to also express their support for Morocco’s sovereignty over its southern provinces and highlight the seriousness, credibility and preeminence of Morocco. Moroccan autonomy initiative.
This unequivocal and unreserved support for the Moroccan position and for the territorial integrity of the Kingdom clearly reflects the support enjoyed by Morocco, as well as the culmination of its diplomatic action at all levels under the insightful and far-sighted leadership of King Mohammed. VI.
Indeed, at the level of the United Nations, 163 countries, representing 85% of the member states of the organization, do not recognize the factitious entity linked to the Polisario, created illegally by Algeria.
It should be noted, in this context, that the general debate of the Fourth Committee confirmed, once again, the death and final burial of the referendum, in favor of the consensual political solution to this dispute, embodied by the Moroccan autonomy initiative.
Likewise, several speakers welcomed the opening by many countries of consulates in the cities of Laâyoune and Dakhla, sealing once and for all their unconditional support for the Moroccan character of the Sahara.
They placed particular emphasis on the growth, progress and inclusive development experienced by the southern provinces, thanks to the colossal investments made in the region, as evidenced by the new development model in the Sahara launched by the King in 2015 with an eight billion dollar budget.
Also, the legitimacy of the elected representatives of the southern provinces, who are the true representatives of the populations of the Sahara, was highlighted by the speakers. In this regard, the participation of elected officials from the two regions of the Moroccan Sahara in the regional seminars and work of the C24, as well as in the two round tables in Geneva, were welcomed by the Member States of the United Nations.
Thus, the various ambassadors and representatives of the countries of the Arab world, Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific took the floor to insist on the need to implement the recommendations of the Security Council contained in particular in its latest resolutions which call for progress in the search for a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise-based solution.
These resolutions also enshrine the round table process initiated by the former Personal Envoy of the UN SG for the Moroccan Sahara, Horst Köhler, and define, once and for all, the participants in the political process on this regional dispute, to namely Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the “polisario”.
Before the Commission, the speakers, who welcomed the appointment of the new Personal Envoy of the UN SG for the Moroccan Sahara, Staffan de Mistura, also stressed the fact that the four parties concerned have committed to convene for a third roundtable, in the same format and with the same participants, as part of the roundtable process.
They underlined, in this regard, that this is in accordance with the request made by the Security Council to the four participants to remain engaged throughout the duration of the political process in a spirit of realism and compromise to ensure a positive outcome.
The sessions of the general debate of the Commission were also the occasion to recall that the resolutions of the Security Council adopted since 2007 have all highlighted the preeminence of the Moroccan initiative of autonomy in the Sahara, stressing that this plan transcends traditional positions and meets international standards in terms of delegation of power to local populations.
It is in this context that all the countries of the Arab Gulf in addition to Jordan and Yemen reiterated their firm and constant support for the Moroccan autonomy initiative as a compromise solution to the Sahara issue, by rejecting “Any attack” on the supreme interests or on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Morocco.
The representatives of these countries recalled, in this regard, their common position on the issue of the Moroccan Sahara, while welcoming the serious and credible efforts of the Kingdom within the framework of the political process carried out under the exclusive auspices of the United Nations.
Likewise, a very large number of African countries have welcomed the virtuous dynamic of reforms experienced by the Sahara region, in particular in favor of the structuring projects set up within the framework of the new development model of the southern provinces, as well. than the efforts made in the promotion of human rights.
These countries have also affirmed that the Moroccan autonomy initiative is “the essential compromise solution”, especially since it “takes into account the specificities of the region, follows the logic of compromise and meets the most international standards. higher in terms of devolution of powers to local populations ”.
At the same time, African countries insisted on the imperative to quickly reach a final solution to the Sahara issue in order to meet the security challenges in the region.
“A just and lasting political settlement of this long-standing regional dispute is vital, not only for the stability and security of the Sahel, but also for the strengthening of cooperation between the Member States of the Arab Maghreb Union”, they insisted.
Several African countries have expressed their “deep concern” over human rights violations in the Tindouf camps, in southwest Algeria.
In addition, the ambassador, representative of Morocco to the UN, highlighted the dynamic of development in all directions in the southern provinces, stressing that the Moroccan Sahara is now a “modern, forward-looking and anchored region. in its ancestral cultural and traditional heritage, thanks to the enlightened vision of King Mohammed VI.
The right to development of the populations of the Saharan provinces of Morocco is a “tangible reality and lived daily”, insisted Omar Hilale, noting that he “is not held hostage by the hostility of Algeria, nor by the expectation of any negotiation ”.