While the case of Moroccans dispossessed of their property in Algeria resurfaced, especially by families who want to bring the case to international courts, an Algerian official, tried to recover the case by reversing the roles and seeking to feed hatred between the two peoples.
The case of the 45,000 Moroccan families established in Algeria and chased away like filthy in 1975, a day of Eid Al Adha (the feast of sacrifice, the most important in the Muslim calendar, editor’s note) without being able to take their belongings, let alone sell their property, continues to tear these families apart decades later.
According to the censuses, nearly 500,000 people are concerned and even today, they live the consequences of this tragedy which separated couples, children from their parents, thousands of people leaving behind their lives, their identities, their property. .
Almost 47 years after that day of black Eid, these thousands of people have still not obtained reparation from the Algerian authorities and Morocco, for its part, has never prosecuted Algeria for this crime.
And while the victims are still trying to obtain their rights, if only to find their papers, and the members of their families who remained in Algeria, and the subject is often raised by the victims, Amar Belani, an Algerian diplomat, Envoy special for the Sahara, sought to divert responsibility from his country and reverse the roles.
Amar Belani sinks into the intoxicating
In an interview with the media Echourouk, Algerian media organ known for its fake news, the diplomat tried to minimize the situation by believing that the Moroccans who had been driven out by the Algerian authorities did not have personal property, and that they were only artisans, workers.
This statement contrasts with the testimonies of the victims who claim to have owned their homes, their material goods. Some of them had even fought alongside the Algerians for the independence of Algeria, some were employed within large Algerian structures such as Sonatrach.
“On the other hand, hundreds of Algerians residing in Morocco have been the subject of arbitrary and unfair measures by being dispossessed of their agricultural land without any compensation”, he declared, attempting to recover the subject on his own account.
And to seek to create yet another wave of hatred, Amar Belani affirmed that he “will not hesitate to use all legal means and legal mechanisms to defend the despoiled rights of hundreds of Algerian citizens dispossessed of their property without no compensation ”.
Algeria “will provide all forms of support to associations in charge of defending the rights of these victims in order to enable them to make their voice heard and to constitute themselves as a civil party in the actions which will be brought in the future against the authorities. Moroccan women before international bodies to recover their rights “, added the one who is known to have a grudge against Morocco, at a time when, for nearly 47 years never an Algerian has raised this subject.
The expert’s response: Moroccans driven out of Algeria
Contacted by MoroccoLatestNews FR, Khalid Chegraoui, Professor of History and Political Anthropology, Vice-Dean, Political Science and International Relations at the Polytechnic University Mohammed VI, gives us the real version, far from the false dramaturgy of Algerian anti-propaganda. -Moroccan.
For the expert, the issue of Moroccans dispossessed and driven out by Algeria is as well known in Algeria as in Morocco. “Algerians know very well what happened, and it is all the more complicated because the Algerian regime has even manipulated formerly Moroccan families who were naturalized Algerians, participating in the dispossession of people’s property”, a- he declared.
Considering that it is enough to go back to the press of the time to understand and have proof of what was done, the academic explained that this Algerian strategy has been known for a long time, “moreover it is the even which is done today ”, thinking of putting pressure on the monarchy by putting Morocco in a difficult economic situation.
The Algerian regime “believed that by stopping the operation of the gas pipeline, it would have economic consequences for Morocco, while the lot in question was quite minimal. It was just two small power plants, Tahaddart and Beni Mathar, so it was recoverable via other means and tools. And there was the revenue from the rights of way. But it was not these few million dollars that would ensure that Morocco’s economic needs were resolved ”.
And to add that “what is distressing on behalf of the Algerian system, it is that it behaves like shopkeepers” and that it finds itself constrained to make “the policy of the reheated dishes”.
The idea behind these practices was “to expel a certain number of people in order to create a social crisis and an economic crisis” in Morocco. “This did not give the expected result, since he had a solidarity plan. The State made arrangements, Moroccan society has integrated these children and the problem has been solved, ”added Chegraoui, who nevertheless noted that the solution was not optimal but that it had the merit of existing. .
“It is not a question of a few thousand Moroccans and even if there were millions to be turned away from another country, they would not be rejected by their mother country, that would be the last thing we could expect from a State as important, so historic, with extremely deep structures “as Morocco.
And to add that at the Algerian level, “the families also lived a heartbreak, it should not be forgotten”, he insisted on clarifying, recalling that these practices “were decried by the free Algerians , because it was done during Eid Al Adha. It was unspeakable behavior ”.
“They split families in two, there are women whose husbands were Algerians, some took the children away, others let their children go with their mother… it was terrible family tragedies and it took a lot. time to resolve the problem ”.
Families had to rebuild themselves from scratch, some no longer had relatives in Morocco, no longer had identity in Morocco. They had to find a job, a new home, integrate the children into school when the two countries had different systems, the Algerian system at the time was Arabized, in Morocco it was not yet, recalls Khalid. Chegraoui.
The expert’s response: Algerians having left Morocco
While some Algerians speak of a Moroccan movement to dispossess Algerians in the 1970s, including Amar Belani who took this case as a counter example, MoroccoLatestNews FR questioned the professor, an expert in History and political anthropology, on the veracity of these allegations.
“There is a phenomenon of propaganda under there”, began by advancing Khalid Chegraoui. “What is there is that in 1973, Morocco implemented a policy of nationalization of the economy, it was the socialist approach, and it was fashionable at the time, so we nationalized the large landholdings and businesses that were owned by foreigners, ”he explained.
The professor estimated that “what they (Algerian officials, note) do not say is that the people and companies concerned (companies owned by Westerners, note) have been compensated” and that the nationalization policy of the Moroccan economy, was not contrary to the Algerian policy of the time which was itself socialist.
Regarding Algerians and their potential property in Morocco, the professor confirmed that there were Algerians in the kingdom at the time and that they owned property. “Indeed there were Algerians, but they were Algerians inherited from the period of colonization, who were considered much more as settlers than anything else,” he declared.
And to explain that these companies installed in Morocco at the time were all linked to the colonial period which allowed them to have advantages, they were in particular French people who had acquired agricultural land during the colonial period. Some Algerians were naturalized French, others “benefited from these lands thanks to the largesse of the colonial administration”.
Among these Algerians were civil servants and translators who had worked with the French administration. “They had almost the same rights as the French, but their number was very small and their situation did not pose a problem,” said the expert.
“They have never been able to prove that they were owners because they never bought these lands, they were granted to them by the French administration and they kept them at independence”, declared Chegraoui, noting that these lands in question originally belonged to municipalities or to people, Moroccans, who were dispossessed in favor of the settlers.