The head of government, Aziz Akhannouch, reacted to the questions raised by his government program which expects growth of 4% and the creation of at least 1 million jobs.
Responding to questions from members of the majority and the opposition, the head of government justified his quantified commitments and pledged to put his promises into practice. He said his government is committed to 4% growth even though it would like to do more.
“We have taken the responsibility to be honest (…) and we know that the financial situation currently is not at the requested level and it is not comparable to the growth that Morocco experienced a few years ago”, declared the head of government.
A risk zone
“We are emerging from a great crisis, that of the pandemic, and which has left traces at the level of state coffers, employment and several other levels,” he added, presenting the context in which is Morocco.
Aziz Akhannoucch estimated that Morocco is in “a risk zone” because the pandemic is still there. Nevertheless, he welcomed the positive growth which should be recorded in 2021 despite this context of crisis.
“In the countries of North Africa and the Middle East, there is no more than 2 or 3% (growth) this year, we, thank God, we will reach 5.6%. It’s a positive result, but do you think we will do 5.6% next year? It’s a question mark, ”he said.
And to estimate that this positive result is explained by a negative growth of 7% in 2020 and an “exceptional” agricultural campaign, deeming “impossible” to have the same level next year. “In the best of cases we will have the same level” of agricultural added value, he warned.
Akhannouch responds to criticism
While several voices were raised to criticize the 4% of economic growth put forward by the new government, especially with the high number of social promises that its program contains, in addition to the number of jobs promised, the head of government declined his figures .
“We talked about 4% growth and a million jobs (promised)… There are those who say that 1% growth is equivalent to 20,000 jobs, so 4% would be equivalent to only 80,000 jobs or 100,000 and so it would only be 500,000 over 5 years, ”he began by launching. “This is not true,” he argued.
According to him, 1% economic growth does not equal 20,000 jobs, and to cite as an example the figures of previous years. “In 2016, there was a growth of 1.1% and 36,000 jobs were lost, and in 2019 there was 2.6% growth which was able to generate 63,000 (jobs),” he said. by estimating that “it depends on the nature and the quality of the investment”.
Thus, he declined his forecast figures to justify the million jobs promised in his program. According to him, 250,000 jobs will be created thanks to the program of fixed-term contracts, set at 2 years, in local communities and which should allow unqualified people to return to work following the coronavirus crisis.
Then, 200,000 other jobs will come from a million hectares of the Green Generation program, and 250,000 jobs will be found in the administration at the rate of 50,000 jobs per year.
“If we count just those, we have 1 million jobs,” he said, adding that the Forsa program will also make it possible to give loans to young people and associations for projects.
Finally, the head of government wanted to specify an important detail concerning these jobs, “we are not going to create them”, he warned. “So that we are clear with the citizens, the jobs in the administration are clear, they are 50,000 per year, the rest will come from the private sector”.