A study on developments and expectations of Moroccansdrawn up by the House of Representatives and presented this Wednesday, February 8, revealed the most important changes in values that have taken place within Moroccan society.
To carry out this study, which involved a sample of more than 1,600 respondents, the House of Representatives used a questionnaire tool to collect data, which included 49 questions.
In details, the study shows that the number of respondents who chose the activation of values in the direction of modernity amounted to 947 respondents, or 59% of those polled, while the number of those who chose to activate values in the sense of tradition reached 607 respondents, or 38% of the total.
Also, the study revealed that the overwhelming majority of Moroccans consider their belonging to the family to be the most important and useful for them, while 31% of respondents consider their country, Morocco, as an important and useful, noting that national affiliation remains the most important.
A second category of respondents also considers that the basic membership goes from the city to the village, then from the province and the region, passing through the tribe, the rural commune as well as the residential district.
The percentage of this multiple category with small local affiliations is 33%, including 18% who attribute their basic affiliation to a city or residence.
As for the third category, which determines its belonging mainly to wider circles, such as Africa, the Arab world, the Amazigh world, the Islamic world, or even the whole world, its rate is slightly over 36%.
Despite the openness observed in recent years on Africa, particularly in terms of politics, economy but also in terms of religion, the percentage of people who identify their main affiliation with Africa does not exceed 2%, which which is similar to that concerning the Arab world.
Furthermore, the study alerted to the fact that nearly a third of the respondents considered that the most important affiliation for them was local affiliation, which can be understood as a call to strengthen national affiliation by reducing differences between provinces and regions.
The expectation expressed here, underlines the study, is to build a homeland whose children enjoy, on an equal footing, its wealth and its resources.
That said, the study considered that the appreciation of respondents from the Islamic world and the world as a whole amounts to an invitation to strengthen external ties and alliances based on the criterion of common religious belief, and at the same time, openness to partnership and cooperation with various countries of the world.
On the other hand, the study showed that between 72% and 81% of the people questioned considered that the choices which lead the person not to pay the tax if he had the opportunity, lying to achieve an interest personal, accepting a bribe to render a service, giving gifts to obtain public services, rendering a service to friends and relatives instead of those who deserve it, and not paying the price of urban transport, are all unjustified.
On the other hand, 83% of respondents consider that providing information to the authorities about a person in order to obtain justice is a very justified choice.
60% of respondents prefer equality, while nearly 38% of them prefer freedom underlines the study, which estimates that if the value of equality is more important, in the eyes of the respondents, than the value of freedom, the latter is not without importance.
The study indicated that the reasons why the majority of respondents aspired to prefer equality over freedom, and that equality is based on justice, equal distribution of political rights, individual abilities and means subsistence, opportunities for social advancement and chances of success in life.