In the perimeter of schools, schoolchildren smoke and take drugs, 6% and 7% respectively against 19% and 15% among college students, says the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research (CSEFRS ).
In a study published this week titled ” National Program for the Assessment of Prior Learning (PNEA) for students in the 6th year of primary and 3rd year of secondary school“, The CSEFRS indicates that the exposure of students to tobacco, alcohol and drugs in schools and colleges contributes to a marked deterioration in their learning outcomes.
The guide to school life from the Ministry of National Education formally prohibits smoking, using, consuming or distributing drugs, alcohol and products harmful to health in schools and in their immediate environment, underlines the report.
However, deplores the study, these rules are often transgressed, and tobacco represents a risk factor which directly harms the physical and mental health of learners, thus canceling out the opportunities for their development and can also be at the origin of dramas and of violence within the educational institution.
In a graph on the Performance of pupils of the 6th year of primary school according to the frequency of consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs within the school, it is indicated that the performance of pupils in Arabic is less good. (246/250) when they consume tobacco, alcohol and drugs, as well as in French (244/250), math (246/250) and finally in scientific awakening (250/250).
The pupils of the 6th year of primary education most affected by the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs register relatively lower academic performance than those recorded by the pupils less exposed. The differences in scores range from 13 to 16 points depending on the subject, the study said.
In addition, the same source indicates that it is the college students less exposed to the consumption of drugs who obtain relatively higher academic results, noting that the most exposed college students are exceeded by 11 to 17 points depending on the subject.
In middle and high schools, smoking (cigarettes or joints) is a fairly visible phenomenon. According to the study, 7% of students in the 6th year of primary school and 12% of those in the 3rd year of secondary school say they smoke in the school.
” The fact of recognizing it in response to the PNEA questionnaire testifies to a lack of awareness of the danger of smoking and a recklessness on the part of these students as to the harmful effects of these substances.“, Notes the study.
In addition to educating teachers against the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and drugs at school, students can always read on the walls of classrooms and the premises of the establishment proverbs, quotes and advice whose purpose is to educate them against smoking, the study noted, noting that they are often asked to prepare presentations and activities on the harms of cigarettes and drugs.
However, the proportion of students who declared having smoked within the establishment doubled when moving from elementary to college. According to the study, the reasons probably lie, on the one hand, in the more accentuated supervision difficulties in colleges (more numbers, larger surface area and spacing, insufficient social supervision staff) and, on the other hand. on the other hand the need to assert oneself more felt among adolescents for whom the fact of smoking cigarettes is part of the process of identity construction even if it is at the cost of denigrating the harmful effects of smoking on health, in particular the risk of diseases, such as cancer of the throat or lungs.
” Hence the importance of considering the psychological dimension of the act of smoking, which should not be lost sight of when developing programs and plans to combat smoking among young people.“, Advocates the study.
For the consumption of cigarettes, which can signify at the beginning the desire of these students to experiment with a new gesture, it risks turning into an addiction, indicates the same source, which insists on making students aware of the risks and harms of smoking. , which requires, on the part of educational actors, a thorough understanding of the phenomenon in all its aspects.
The problem raised by the study is that 6% and 11% respectively of schoolchildren and college students admit to taking drugs within the school itself, which ” testifies to the administration’s difficulty in controlling such uncivil behavior“, Denounces the report.
The other striking data unveiled in the study, is that in the perimeter of schools, schoolchildren smoke and take drugs, 6% and 7% respectively against 19% and 15% among college students.
” It is obvious that in such a situation, schools cannot avoid these practices in the school environment without the real support of other actors at local and regional level, in this case local authorities, authorities and civil society“, Supports the study, noting that the school, can possibly take care of the problem internally, but cannot intervene beyond its walls without the implication of external actors.
” Of course, the responsibility of the educational administration is limited to the interior of the school establishment and not to its environment, even immediate, for which the responsibility lies with the public authority (gendarmerie, national security, auxiliary forces). Hence the need for cooperation between these bodies to protect the school environment from organized networks and bands that control drug distribution and consumption areas.“, Concludes the study on this point.